- "Now, the Wicked Witch of the West had but only one eye, yet this eye was as strong and powerful as a telescope, and could see everywhere in the Winkie Country. So, as the Wicked Witch stood on the highest balcony of her castle, she happened to look around and saw Dorothy and her companions walking on her land. They were a long distance off, but the old wicked woman was very angry to find trespassers in her country..."
- ―The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)
- "Ring-around-the-Rosie, a Pocket full of Spears. Thought You'd be pretty Foxy ey? Well...the last one to go will see the other three go before her. And that mangy little dog too! "
- ―The Wicked Witch of the West. (1939)
- "Go to those strangers who dare to intrude my territory at once, and destroy them all except the Lion and that little girl" said the Wicked Witch furiously. "Bring that beast to me, for I have a mind to harness him like a horse. And then I shall make a slave out of the child. "Your demands shall be obeyed," said the leader of the Winged Monkeys. And with a great deal of chattering and laughter, and the swift sound of many feathered wings flapping against the air, the Winged Monkeys quickly flew away into the western sky to find the place where an unsuspecting Dorothy and her friends roamed."
- ―The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)
Wicked Witch of the West
|Title||Wicked Witch of the West, Good Witch of the North (formerly) in "Oz the Great and Powerfull|
|Species||Bad fire Witch|
|Residence||Land of Oz/Winkie Country, (the Royal Palace of Oz "formerly but only in Oz the great and powerfull)|
|Affiliation||L. Frank Baum, Land of Oz, Good Witch of the North, Wicked Witch of the East, Glinda, Wizard, Mombi, Dorothy Gale, Scarecrow, Tin Woodman, Cowardly Lion, Winged Monkeys, Golden Cap, Silver Shoes, Ruby Slippers, Winkies|
|First Appearance||The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)|
- "I'll get you my pretty, and your little dog too! "
- ―Wicked Witch of the West (1939)
The Wicked Witch of the West (or Witch of the West, or Wicked Witch for short) is a fictional character invented by L. Frank Baum, author and creator of the Oz Legacy. Her first and only appearance is in Baum's first Oz book titled The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, published in 1900. She is introduced in the twelfth chapter of the novel titled, The search of the Wicked Witch, where she serves strictly as the most significant antagonist in the plot of the story. In the novel, Baum never named his Wicked Witch and she is only known by her title of position.
Despite being such an iconic character, in Baum's subsequent Oz books, it is the infamous Nome King from a neighboring kingdom, who is the principal villain throughout the sequel stories. The Wicked Witch of the West is rarely even referred to again after her death in the first book, by being liquefied by the stories child protagonist and heroine from Kansas named Dorothy Gale.
The Wicked Witch's most popular depiction was in the classic 1939 Hollywood musical movie loosely based on Baum's book, The Wizard of Oz, where she was portrayed by late actress Margaret Hamilton. Hamilton's iconic characterization introduced green boogeyman skin and this has been continued in later literary and dramatic representations of Oz, including Gregory Maguire's highly praised revisionist Oz novel titled Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West. In Maguire's story the Witch's name is "Elphaba" who is green due to her mother consuming "Green Miracle Elixir" while she was pregnant with her. In the 2013 Oz film by Walt Disney pictures Oz the Great and Powerful, the pre-Wicked Witch of the West is a young and naive "Good Witch" named Theodora, who tragically turns green from a green posion apple that causes her heart to shed itself from all its goodness. Thus, becoming the green skinned villain seen in the 1939 film. In the Spring 2014 story arc of the popular television series Once Upon a Time, the Wicked Witch is named "Zelena", who turns green due to her jealousy over a newly arrived Dorothy who became a threat to the prophecy involving Oz's four Witches. ("Green with Envy").
- Surprisingly, in the original book by Baum it never states that the Wicked Witch of the West has any type of peculiar skin condition or discoloration such as being green. However, it does state that the Wicked Witch is so old that all the blood in her body dried up long ago. And like all versions she is highly allergic to H2O, which burns her skin like acid for reasons never explained or elaborated upon by Baum. One can only guess that due to the fact the Wicked Witch is so evil, a substance such as water, is simply too pure for her old, bloodless body. It can also be inferred that water is fatal to her because she is a fire witch, as seen in the 1939 film, the Wicked Witch is capable of creating hot energy in her hand that forms fire balls and smoke from her broomstick. So this would explain why water is her enemy. It can also be inferred that Glinda is her enemy because Glinda is a water witch, as Glinda was able to create snowfall with her magic wand as seen in 1939 film. Glinda was also seen creating fog in Oz the Great and Powerful. Since Glinda is a good water-based witch and the witch of the west is a bad fire-based witch, this makes them polar opisites, although Theodora the Good did have some similarities to Glinda, Theodora used to be more innocent than Glinda but became more evil when she transformed into the pre-Wicked Witch of the West. And would one day be liquefied with water by Dorothy.
In later Oz books, the Wicked Witch Mombi is similarly disposed of in The Lost King of Oz, published in 1925, and the Wicked Witch Singra is clearly afraid of the same fate. The most likely historical explanation of Baum making water the Achilles Heel of these bad witches is the long held belief amongst major religions that water, which is used in holy rituals such as Babitism can effectively purify the soul. Thus, destroying soulless witches.
Wicked In the West
- "Which road leads to the Wicked Witch of the West?" asked Dorothy. "Road?, There is no road," answered the Guardian of the Gates in a surprised tone. "No one ever wishes to go that way." "How, then, are we to find her?" inquired the girl. "That will be easy," replied the man, "for when as soon as she knows you are walking upon her territory, in the country of the Winkies, she will find you, and make you all her slaves." "Well, perhaps not," said the Scarecrow, "for we mean to destroy her under the Wizard's request." "Oh, well that is different," said the Guardian of the Gates. "No one has ever destroyed her before, so I naturally thought she would make slaves of you, as she has of all the rest. Those who dare to travel in her country are rarley ever seen or heard from ever again. But take care; for she is Wicked and cruel indeed and may not allow you to destroy her if she can help it. She has many terrifying pets and many dark, malevolent powers so beware. Keep to the West, where the sun sets, and you cannot fail to find her, because she will find you! Good luck, for you shall all need it..."
- ―The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)
- "...A Golden Cap, with a circle of sparkling diamonds and red rubies running around its solid gold brim. This Golden Cap was a magic one and had a special charm connected to it. Whoever owned it could call three times upon the creatures, Winged Monkeys, who would obey any order they were given, no matter how evil or silly. But no person could command these strange creatures more than three times. And twice already the Wicked Witch of the West had used the charm of the Cap. Once was when she had made the Winkies her slaves, and overthrew the natives and set herself to rule over their land, the Winged Monkeys had helped her do this. The second time was when she had fought against the great and powerful Wizard himself, it was the Winged Monkeys who drove him out of the Winkie Country when he tried to challenge the Wicked Witch. Only once more could she use this Golden Cap, for which reason she did not like to do so until all her other powers were exhausted. But now that her fierce wolves and her wild crows and her stinging bees were gone, and her slaves had been scared away by the Lion, she saw there was only one way left to capture the little girl and destroy the beings accompanying her. "
- ―The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)
The Wicked Witch of the West is the malevolent ruler of the western quadrant in the magical Land of Oz known as the Winkie Country. Interestingly, in Baum's original book of 1900, it is said the Wicked Witch lives in a yellow castle that is beautiful. Her home is described as consisting of long hallways carpeted with yellow velvet rugs, yellow silken draperies are placed at the castle windows and attractive yellow antiques and decor decorated nearly every room. It is indeed a luxurious setting instead of being the sinister fortress of medieval darkness shown in the 1939 movie.
- "Dorothy obeyed the old woman and followed her past the great halls of the castle, which were all carpeted in yellow velvet with yellow tapestries hung upon the walls. After Dorothy was lead through many of the beautiful yellow rooms in the Wicked Witch's home, they came to the kitchen, where she was made to clean the pots and kettles and sweep the floor and keep the fire fed with wood. Dorothy went to work silently and meekly, with her mind made up to work as hard as she possibly could; for the little girl was glad the Wicked Witch had decided not to kill her and her little dog too. "
- ―The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)
Originally, the Wicked Witch of the West was not related to the Wicked Witch of the East, but leagued together with her, as well as the Wicked Witch of the South and the Wicked Wich of the North known as simply "Mombi", to conquer the Land of Oz and divide it among themselves in four sections, long before the Wizard arrived, or even Glinda the Good surfaced. This is recounted in L. Frank Baum's fourth Oz book titled Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz, published in 1908.
Here, the Wicked Witch of the West shows no interest in the death of the Eastern Witch, and all she cares about is obtaining her magical Silver Shoes which will increase her own evil powers. She knows the shoes will help her in her task to successfully win her battles and ruthlessly dominate or enslave more of the Ozians who are forced to work for her and obey her every command. When the Winkies fail her, we are told she "beat them well with a strap." She also seems to have the Winkies actively working for her, though Baum never tells us what exactly this work is. Perhaps she was working on a way to defy the Wizard. Some Oz fans also have suggested the idea that she cast an anti-rain spell upon the Winkie Country to stop any water to fall near her territory, as the land of the Winkies was a desolate and dry place with a harsh climate during her reign.
Baums' One Eyed Wicked Witch
W. W. Denslow's illustrations for The Wonderful Wizard of Oz depict her as a gaudy old hag with three braided pigtails and an eye-patch. L. Frank Baum himself specified that she only had one eye, but that it "was as strong and powerful as a telescope", enabling her to see what was happening in her kingdom from her castle windows, no matter the distance. Other Oz illustrators, such as Paul Granger, placed her eye in the center of her forehead, as a cyclops. Usually, she is shown wearing an eye patch, however some illustrations incorrectly show her with two eyes instead of just one.
Most of her power resides in the creatures she controls that do her dirty work. She has a pack of hungry, wild wolves, a swarm of black killer bees, a flock of black crows with sharp beaks to peak put the eyes of their targets and an army of male Winkies who are her slaves. In the book she also possesses the enchanted Golden Cap encrusted with real rubies and diamonds that run across its 24 Karat gold brim. This special cap compelles the creatures called Winged Monkeys of Oz to obey her on three occasions when she speaks the caps incantation. First, the witch commanded the creatures to help her enslave the Winkies and to seize control of the western section of Oz. Second, she made the winged monkeys drive the Wizard out of the Winkie Country, when he became the dominant ruler and even attempted to overthrow her but was unsuccessful.
When Dorothy Gale and her three companions were sent by the Wizard to destroy her, in exchange for their wishes to be granted, the Wicked Witch saw them coming, gradually approaching her castle. Though they were a long distance off, she was very angry to see trespassers on her territory. So, in defense she immediately attacked the wandering group with her pack of wolves, crows, black bees, and her group of Winkie slaves. Each of these attempts were thwarted, but the protagonists are eventually subdued by the Wicked Witch's third and final permitted. ....aause of the Golden Cap. In the book Baum siad that she "destroyed" anyone who had ever attempted to challenge her other than the Wizard. Yet interestingly, in Baum's book the Wicked Witch could not directly kill Dorothy because the girl was protected by the Good Witch of the North's magical kiss upon her forehead. She therefore settles for enslaving Dorothy like the rest of the Winkies and tries to force the Cowardly Lion into submission by starving him, though Baum states that Dorothy sneaks him food in the evening during their captivity. Upon seeing the magical Silver Shoes on the girl's feet, the Wicked Witch of the West decided to formulate a plan to successfully steal them from Dorothy and thereby acquire even more power.
The Wicked Witch of the West did not carry a broom in the novel, but rather an umbrella, which she uses on one occasion to strike Dorothy's dog Toto to install fear within the girl. The Umbrella makes a lot more sense than a broomstick because it was also probably used to protect and shield herself against any water attacks. Though no one knows that she is allergic to water. Her nature is a self entitled one and yet somewhat slightly cowardly. Despite her immense power, she avoids face-to-face contact with her enemies, and is frightened of Dorothy at first when she sees the girl is wearing the magic Silver Shoes. She is also afraid of the dark in Baum's original story for reasons never revealed. For that reason, the witch never tried to steal the shoes while Dorothy was sleeping in her chamber cell during the dark night. Despite her fear of water and the dark, the Wicked Witch of the West was one of the most powerful witches in all of Oz. In ensuing Oz books, her power is described as having been so great that even Glinda the Good Witch of the South secretly feared her at one point.
When the witch finally does succeed in getting a hold of one of the shoes by making Dorothy trip over an invisible bar she had placed a few inches above the kitchen floor, she immediately puts the shoe on her own foot, telling Dorothy she now has half of the pairs power. Seeing she had been tricked, Dorothy demanded that the witch give her back the shoe. When the Wicked Witch refused to hand it over, the little girl dashed a bucket of water onto the Wicked Witch in a fit of rage, soaking her from head to foot. To Dorothy's surprise, the water caused the witch to dissolve away like "brown sugar". Afterwards, Dorothy retrieved her shoe back, as it was the only solid thing left of the woman who had become nothing more than a puddle upon the floor.
- "Now the Wicked Witch had a great longing to have the magical Silver Shoes, which the little girl always wore. Her bees and her crows and her wolves were now all dead and lying in heaps drying up, and she had used up all the power of the Golden Cap that compelled the Winged Monkeys. But if she could only get hold of the Silver Shoes, they would give her more power than all the other things she had lost. So as time went on, she watched Dorothy carefully, to see if she ever took off her shoes, thinking she might steal them. But the child was so proud of her special shoes that she never took them off except at night and when she took her bath. The Wicked Witch was too much afraid of the dark to dare go in Dorothy's room at night to take the shoes, and her dread of water was greater than her fear of the dark, so she never came near when Dorothy was bathing. Indeed, the old, bloodless woman never touched water, nor ever let water touch her in any way. But the Wicked Witch of the West was very cunning, and she finally thought of a trick that would give her what she wanted. She placed a bar of iron in the middle of the kitchen floor, and then with the power of her black magic, made the iron invisible to human eyes. So that when Dorothy was cleaning and came walking across the floor she stumbled over the bar, not being able to see it, and fell at full length. She was not much hurt, but in her fall one of the Silver Shoes came off; and before she could reach it, to get it back, the Wicked Witch had greedily snatched it away and put it on her own skinny foot. The wicked woman was greatly pleased with the success of her trick, for as long as she had one of the shoes she owned half the power of their charm, and Dorothy could not use it against her, even had she known how to do so. The poor little girl, seeing she had been tricked and had lost one of her special shoes in the process, grew quite angry, and said to the Wicked Witch, "Give me back my shoe!" "I will not," retorted the old woman, "for it is now my shoe, and not yours." "You are a wicked, wicked creature!" cried Dorothy. "You have no right to take my shoe from me." "I shall keep it, just the same," said the Wicked Witch, laughing at her most cruelly, "and someday I will shall use my wickedness to get the other one from you, too." This made Dorothy so very angry and upset that she picked up the bucket of cleaning water that stood near and without a second thought she dashed it over the Wicked Witch, wetting her from head to foot. "
- ―The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)
- After the death of the Wicked Witch of the West, the Winkies were freed and asked the Tin Woodman to become the Emperor of Oz's western quadrant, to which he happily accepted the offer and swore he'd return to them after he made sure Dorothy and Toto found a way home again. After Dorothy's departure, the Tin Woodman kept his promise and as a gift, the Winkies built him a spacious tin castle to live in, as the Winkies are said to be the most crafted tin-smiths in the world.
Death of the Wicked Witch of the West
It is stated in Baum's book that the Wicked Witch of the West was so old and Wicked that all the blood in her body dried up long before The Wonderful Wizard of Oz takes place. And when she fnally comes into contact with water, it burns her skin like acid and she dissolves into a puddle on the floor. Baum described it as "melting away like brown sugar." In the beginning of the story when Dorothy's farmhouse fell on the Wicked Witch of the East, her body soon caved in and crumbled to dust under the fallen establishment. (The feet of the dead Wicked Witch had disappeared entirely and nothing was left but the Silver Shoes.) The Good Witch of the North explains that "She was so old that she dried up quickly in the sun." So whatever mysterious magic potion or spell that was holding the Wicked Witch of the East together was possibly something the Wicked Witch of the West used to keep herself alive as well, even though Baum never elaborated upon this aspect. But when water touched her skin, her old withered body began to break down due to exposure to the H2O moisture, as did exposure to sunlight to the one of the East, each cell soaking up the water like a sponge and pulling away from the rest of her body until there was nothing left to pull away from. It would be a HORRIBLE way to go! However horrible it was; it was a quick death nonetheless, and everyone in Oz could breathe a sigh of relief when her evil reign came to an end and she was finally gone for good.
- "You Cursed Brat! Look what you've done...I'm melting, melting! Oh what a world, what a world, who would've thought that a good little innocent girl like you could destroy my Beautiful Wickedness. Oh, it burns, look out, I'm going...I'm goooooing...awww....aaaaw...."
- ―The Wizard of Oz (1939)
In L. Frank Baum's 1910 independent Oz film of The Wizard of Oz, the Wicked Witch is named "Momba".
In the MGM musical, the Wicked Witch of the West is portrayed by late actress Margaret Hamilton who introduced green skin to the iconic character. Hamilton's characterization is the most popular version of Oz's western villain.
In both the 1974 Broadway Musical and 1978 Motown movie , the Wicked Witch of the West is named Evillene. She is an evil, fat, greedy tyrant, similar to the one in the original 1900 book. But unlike Baum's Wicked Witch, in the Wiz Evillene believes she is beautiful, even though she actually is very ugly, with terrible taste in clothes. But her Winkie slaves call her beautiful only because they know that's what she wants to hear.
In the broadway version she wears elaborate dresses and lives in a dark castle with the Winkies slaving away and is always in a bad mood. She is killed when Dorothy throws a bucket of water at her, causing her to melt away.
In the movie, her character is slightly more interesting. Here, she lives in an underground castle located in Oz's sewer system where she also runs a sweatshop where her Winkie slaves are forced to work non-stop with no lunch hours or breaks. And she sits on a giant, dirty toilet seat she has turned into a throne. In the movie she wakes up at noon to watch over her slaves and will kill anyone who is not working hard. She is dressed in a big red dress with many tacky or gaudy items glued or sewn into it, such as dog toys, antique jewelry and other small, random pieces. She also wears many golden crowns on her head and lots of rings and mismatch jewelry. She is killed when Dorothy turns on the sprinkler system causing water to wet the entire sweatshop factory, thus killing Evillene in the process and setting the Winkies free from slavery.
Elphaba is also the main character of the very successful Broadway Musical of the same name. Rather book or stage adaptation the story itself is a much more mature version of the first American Fairytale; The Wizard of Oz, which combines many key elements from both the iconic 1939 movie by MGM and the original book titled The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, by children's author L. Frank Baum published in 1900. The story is not seen through the eyes of Baum's original Oz protagonist, the Kansas farm girl known as Dorothy Gale, who is neither the hero nor villain here. Dorothy is just a mere outsider, unwillingly thrown into a world she knows little to nothing about.
Instead, everything that happens in Wicked's version of the magical land of Oz revolves around the social outcast and tortured soul named Elphaba, aka "Elphie". The plot follows her life journey, focusing on her thoughts, trials, tribulations, her meaningful relationships and eventual decent into Wickedness and how it changed the land of Oz forever. Despite being the protagonist to the reader of the novel or viewer of the play, Elphaba eventually becomes viewed as the antagonist who rebels against the repression in Oz. Her strength to stand up for what she believes in leads to her being viewed by many people throughout Oz as "Wicked," thus, ultimately leading to her tragic demise. Despite her sad fate, and tarnished reputation due to the matter of Dorothy, Elphaba becomes known by many others as an underground legend and iconic activist for Animal rights in Oz long after her tragic death.
- Author Gregory Maguire payed homage to Baum and formulated Elphaba's unique name out of L. Frank Baum's name, taking the phonetic pronunciation of his initials: hence, L.F.B became El-pha-ba.
The beautiful Witch Azkadellia takes the role of the Wicked Witch of the West 100 years after Dorothy Gale defeated the original of the Outer Zone aka Oz.
In this Oz prequel to the 1939 musical, Theodora is a beautiful, naive Good Witch who is "protected" by her powerful sister Evanora who both live in the magical Land of Oz. Shortly after the King of Oz's death she wanders alone throughout Oz and ultimately finds and quickly falls in love with Oscar Diggs aka Oscar Oz, the "pre-Wizard" who she believes has come to Oz to fulfill the long awaited prophecy. However, Theadora's innocence works against her as she is manipulated into becoming Wicked by evil forces in disguise, who are much more closer to home than she realizes.
Main Article: Zelena
In the hit ABC TV Show Once Upon A Time, Zelena the Wicked Witch of the West is the half-sister to the Evil Queen Regina, having been born out of wedlock from an affair between her mother Cora and a gardener named Jonathan who masqueraded as a prince. After her existence ruins Cora's chances of being married to the genuine Prince Leopold, she is promptly abandoned by her mother and swept up by a cyclone moments later. This carries her to Oz and she is found by a woodsman and his wife. The woman insists on taking her in despite her husband's fear of her, having witnessed her perform magic at such a young age. Many years later, she leaves home after her father spitefully reveals the truth, seeking out the Wizard of Oz. The Wizard reveals her past and gives her the magic silver slippers, allowing her to travel to the enchanted forest and learn magic under Rumplestiltskin. After a failed attempt to kill Regina, Zelena returns to Oz and asks the Wizard to send her back in time to change her past. When he refuses, causing her to expose him as a fraud and turn him into the first Flying Monkey. She is later invited to join the witches of Oz by Glinda, only to turn green with Envy towards a newly arrived Dorothy Gale.
- In the original 1900 book by L. Frank Baum, she and the Wicked Witch of the East were not sisters or blood related.
- In the book, the Wicked Witch lives in a yellow castle described as beautiful.
- In the book, the Wicked Witch owned a pack of 40 killer wolves, 40 killer crows and 40 angry bees. She did not own the Winged Monkeys, but the Golden Cap that compelled them to obey its wearer three times.
- In the book, it is stated that the Wicked Witch of the West has only one eye, yet it is as powerful as a telescope.
- In the book, the Wicked Witch of the West does not have green skin, but is said to be so old all the blood in her body dried up long, long ago.
- In the book, the Wicked Witch of the West doesn't fly on or own a Broomstick, instead she carries around a gaudy umbrella to protect herself from the rain or any water attacks.
- In the book, when Dorothy Gale is kept a prisoner in the yellow castle of the Wicked Witch as a kitchen slave, the Witch forcefully hits Toto with her umbrella and sends the poor dog flying across the room. This was done to install fear within Dorothy.
- In the book, the Wicked Witch is said to be scared of the dark for unknown reasons.
- Margaret Hamilton, who played the green skinned Witch in the 1939 film was badly burned during a shot involving fire and smoke. On 23 December 1938, while filming the Wicked Witch's exit from Munchkinland in a blaze of fire, Hamilton suffered first-degree burns on the right side of her face and second-degree burns on her right hand; the flames rose too soon, before she had descended below the stage. Hamilton's green makeup was copper-based and potentially toxic, and had to be removed from her burned flesh with alcohol — an intensely painful process. She was not able to return to the movie until 10 February.
- After Weeks of being in the make-up department, before and after film shootings, Hamilton's own natural skin tone begin to take on a greenish hue.
- In the finished film, Hamilton's Wicked Witch has twelve minutes of screen time. Hamilton worked on the production for four months, and earned precisely $18,541.68.
- Many scenes in the 1939 film involving the Wicked Witch had to be edited or taken out completely due to being too terrifying.
- Margaret Hamilton, once dressed up as the Wicked Witch on Sesame Street with Oscar the Grouch. The skit was never aired due to being too "scary" for children.
- Debra Winger performed this character in The Wizard of Oz in Concert: Dreams Come True to benefit the Children's Defense Fund. She also narrated the "Cyclone" scene in this production. This 1995 television special shortens the Wicked Witch's Castle scenes due to time limit.
The Witch is mentioned frequently in the 2014 CGI film Legends of Oz: Dorothy's Return. The Jester, the antagonist of the film, is her younger brother and uses her broom to create the scepter that gives him power. She is said to have cursed the Jester to never be able to remove his costume, always revealing another underneath. She is also shown when the Jester conjures up images of his past, having treated her brother like a slave rather than let him become a warlock.