A scene from the film.

His Majesty, the Scarecrow of Oz was a silent film released in 1914 by the Oz Film Manufacturing Company. It featured the Scarecrow, Dorothy, and the Tin Woodman in an original story, and was later adapted by L. Frank Baum into The Scarecrow of Oz in 1915.


Baum himself was credited as the director, in addition to his normal duty as screenwriter. Violet MacMillan played Dorothy Gale, and Frank Moore was the Scarecrow, with Pierre Couderc as the Tin Woodman. Mildred Harris played the "breeches part" of Button-Bright. Fred Woodward juggled multiple parts, playing the Cowardly Lion plus a mule, a kangaroo, a cow, and a crow.[citation needed]

In Baum's script, Mombi is the principal villain. (In the book that followed, her place was taken by the witch Blinkie.) The film's special effects include the beheading (and restoration) of Mombi and an underwater scene with the Scarecrow and a mermaid.[citation needed]

The film was completed by late September 1914, and premiered in Los Angeles on 5 October. In a private letter to his publisher Frank Reilly, Baum stated that the film cost $23,500 to make. In January 1915 the Alliance Film Corp. agreed to a distribution deal; the film appeared in theaters in February, retitled The New Wizard of Oz. It was seen under that title as late as 1920, though it was never a popular or financial success.[citation needed]


  • David L. Greene and Dick Martin. The Oz Scrapbook. New York, Random House, 1977.
  • Katharine M. Rogers. L. Frank Baum, Creator of Oz: A Biography. New York, St. Martin's Press, 2002.

External linksEdit

OzIcon Films and Television OzIcon
Silent films Fairylogue and Radio-Plays (1908) • The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1910) • His Majesty, the Scarecrow of Oz (1914) • The Patchwork Girl of Oz (1914) • The Magic Cloak of Oz (1914) • The Wizard of Oz (1925)
Live-action adaptations The Wizard of Oz (1939) • The Wonderful Land of Oz (1969) • 20th Century Oz (1976) • The Wiz (1978) • Return to Oz (1985) • The Wizard of Oz (1994) • Lost in Oz (2002) • The Muppets' Wizard of Oz (2005) • Tin Man (2007) • La Maga (2008) • Dorothy and the Witches of Oz (2011) • After the Wizard (2011) • Oz the Great and Powerful (2013) • The Wiz Live! (2015) • Emerald City (2017) •
Animated adaptations Tales of the Wizard of Oz (1961) • Return to Oz (1964) • The Wizard of Oz (1973) • Journey Back to Oz (1974) • Dorothy in the Land of Oz (1980) • The Wizard of Oz (1982) • In the Magical Land of Oz (1983) • The Wizard of Oz (1983) • The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1986) • Dorothy Meets Ozma of Oz (1987) • The Wonderful Galaxy of Oz (1990) • The Wizard of Oz (1990) • The Oz Kids (1996) • Adventures in the Emerald City (1999) • Lion of Oz (2000) • Marchen Awakens Romance (2007) • Tom and Jerry & the Wizard of Oz (2011) • Legends of Oz: Dorothy's Return (2014) • Save Oz! (2015) • Lost in Oz (2015) • Tom and Jerry: Back to Oz (2016)
Upcoming adaptations Urfin Jus and His Wooden Soldiers (2017) • Return to Emerald City (2018) • How the Wizard Came to Oz (2018) •Wicked (2019) • The Land of Oz (2020)
Guest appearances Shirley Temple's Storybook (1960) • Superfriends (1980) • Rugrats (1999) • That's So Raven (2003-2006) • Mickey Mouse Clubhouse (2006-) • Inkheart (2008) • Once Upon a Time (2011-2018) • Supernatural (2013-)
Featured challenges Project Runway (2004) • Face Off (2011)
Shorts and others Beef Ravioli commercials (2006) • After Oz (2007) • Flying Monkeys (2013) • OzLand (2015) • Dorothy in the Land of Stars (2017) •Unknown (TBA)