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Dorothy Gale

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"I Am Dorothy, Dorothy Gale...from Kansas..."
―Dorothy Gale (1900)
"...Somewhere over the rainbow, way up high, there's a land that I've heard of once in a lullaby..."
The Wizard of Oz (1939)

A Kansas cyclone she was brought, now wearing Magic Slippers she does trot, down the winding yellow road, to the Emerald City she shall go. And with her dog so small and true, Munchkins hope she fairs well yes they do. To see the Wizard from yonder glen, please wish her luck till journey's end.

"There's no place like home..."
―Dorothy Gale
Dorothy Gale
250px-Dorothy Gale with silver shoes
Title Dorothy Gale of Kansas/Wicked Witch Destroyer/Princess Dorothy of Oz
Gender Female Child
Species Adolescent Human
Origin Kansas, farm/United States of America
Residence Kansas (former)
Royal Palace of Oz, Land of Oz (current)
Affiliation L. Frank Baum, Uncle Henry, Aunt Em, Toto, Cyclone, Zeb Hugson, Rainbow, Land of Oz, Santa Claus, Glinda, Wizard, Princess Ozma, Good Witch of the North, Munchkins, Wicked Witch of the East, Boq, Scarecrow, Tin Woodman, Cowardly Lion, Guardian of the Gates, Soldier with the Green Whiskers, Jellia Jamb, Queen of the Field Mice, Stork, Emerald City, Wicked Witch of the West, Winged Monkeys, Billina, Tik-Tok, Shaggy Man, Polychrome, Eureka, Gump, Jack Pumpkinhead, Trot, Button Bright, Betsy Bobbin, Patchwork Girl, Nome King, Princess Langwidere, Wogglebug, Silver Shoes, Ruby Slippers, Golden Cap, Yellow Brick Road, Kalidahs, Poppies, Fighting Trees, China Country, Hammer-Heads, Magic Picture, Deadly Desert, Wheelers, Land of Ev, Magic Belt, Return to Oz, Wicked
First Appearance The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)

"Dorothy lived in the midst of the great Kansas prairies, with Uncle Henry, who was a farmer, and Aunt Em, who was the farmer's wife..."
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)
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Dorothy and Toto in sepia-Kansas (1900)

"...some place where there isn't any trouble? Do you suppose there is such a place, Toto? There must be. It's not a place you can get to by a boat or a train, it's far, far away, behind the moon, beyond the rain..."
The Wizard of Oz (1939)

Dorothy Gale is a fictional character created by L. Frank Baum, author and creator of the Oz Legacy. She is the adolescent protagonist and heroine of Baum's first Oz book that is considered one of the first American Fairytales written titled: The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, published in 1900. The story opens up with Dorothy who makes her debut appearance as the first character introduced, her name being the first word of the first chapter titled The Cyclone.


Dorothy Gale 1939

"...It wasn't a dream. It was a place. And you and you and you...and you were there! But you couldn't have been could you? No, Aunt Em, this was a real truly live place and I remember some of it wasn't very nice, but most of it was beautiful--but just the same all I kept saying to everybody was "I want to go home," and they sent me home! Doesn't anybody believe me? "
The Wizard of Oz (1939)

Goddess of Gifts

  • Dorothy's name in reverse is roughly pronounced "Theodore" which means "Gift of the Gods". "Dorothy", is a female version of Theodore, which her name means "Goddess of Gifts". Dorothy was born before the twentieth century on July tenth of an unknown year. Her birthday is also the same birth date of her iconic 1939 movie musical counterpart portrayed by Judy Garland. And like Garland, her Zodiac sign would be Gemini. Interestingly enough, Dorothy's last name isn't given in the original 1900 novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. Her last name is first mentioned in the 1902 stage version of the story Baum wrote a few years after the book's publication: "My name is Dorothy Gale. I'm one of the Kansas Gales. " To which the Scarecrow replies, "Well, that explains your breezy manner. " In the later Oz books, Baum kept the name but mercifully spared his readers the pun.

Once Upon A Time In Kansas...

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It is the last days of the old west; the nineteenth century nears its end. Dorothy Gale is an orphan child from Kansas, and here in the sun-baked heart of America, Dorothy lives with her Uncle Henry who's a farmer, and her Aunt Em, the farmer's wife. Dorothy's only friend and sole source of happiness is a small black pet dog whom she calls Toto and loves dearly. There they all reside on a isolated farm consumed by poverty and drought. Just when it seems that things can’t get any worse for the Gales, a storm hits the farmland and brings a monstrous cyclone with it. While aloft in the farmhouse, the winds of this storm carry Dorothy and Toto away to the undiscovered Land of Oz. A marvelous, magical land protected by a harsh Deadly Desert. And populated by strange creatures, fierce beast, and friendly little people who live under the rule of Witches and Sorcerers.

To Dorothy's dismay, the first Witch she encounters, the Good Witch of the North, lacks the power to send Dorothy and Toto home. The only one who might be powerful enough to truly help Dorothy is the mysterious and reclusive dominant ruler of Oz known as the great Wizard. The girl and her dog are then forced to embark on a remarkable journey filled with many adventures as they travel throughout Oz to seek him. However, no one knows that this Wizard has a shocking secret to protect! And to do so he will send Dorothy to prove herself worthy of his assistance; to successfully eliminate Oz's most dreaded baddie--the Wicked Witch of the West, or die trying.

" "My greatest wish now," she added, is to get back to Kansas, for Aunt Em will surely think something dreadful has happened to me, and that will make her put on mourning; and unless the crops are better this year than they were last, I am sure Uncle Henry cannot afford it." Glinda leaned forward and kissed the sweet, upturned face of the loving little girl. "Bless your dear heart," she said, "I am sure I can tell you of a way to get back to Kansas..."
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)

Blame it on Toto!

"Toto jumped out of Dorothy's arms and hid under her bed, and the little girl started to get him. Aunt Em, badly frightened, threw open the trap door in the floor and climbed down the ladder into the small, dark hole. Dorothy caught Toto at last and started to follow her aunt. When she was halfway across the room there came a great shriek from the wind, and the house shook so hard that she lost her footing and sat down suddenly upon the floor. A strange thing then happened. The house whirled around two or three times and rose slowly through the air. Dorothy felt as if she were going up in a balloon..."
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)
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Dorothy catches Toto while up inside the cyclone. 1900

Toto is actually the one to be blamed as to why he and Dorothy were swept away to Oz in the first place. If he hadn't scrambled under her bed to escape the horrid sound of the cyclone that hit the Kansas farm, then she would have been fast enough to reach the storm cellar in time and found safety with Uncle Henry and Aunt Em. And life would have went on as it always did. But if it weren't for him, she would have never known the huge gap that would have been left in her life, as she would've remained just another irrelevant orphan girl living on a bleak and boring farm.

The Return of Dorothy: How Dorothy Gale Of Kansas Became A Princess of Oz

"My loyal friends--the children of the World, are responsible for these new "Oz Books". Their sweet little letters plead to know more about Dorothy Gale; and they ask ever so eagerly: "What became of the Wizard after he left?" and "What did Princess Ozma do afterward? "--meaning, of course, after she became the Ruler of Oz in The Marvelous Land of Oz. And some of them suggest plots to me, saying: "Please have Dorothy and Toto go to the Land of Oz again"; or, "Did Princess Ozma and Dorothy Gale meet, and did they have many adventures together?" I am glad to say that, yes, indeed, Dorothy did go back to that magical place and it is my duty as the Royal Historian of Oz to satisfy the demands of my Oz fans who desperately want to know more. I do enjoy telling these stories as much as the children enjoy reading them. Well, here is more about Dorothy, and about our old friends the Scarecrow and the Tin Woodman and about the Cowardly Lion, and Princess Ozma, and all the rest of the Ozians. I do sincerely hope I shall get some more of those very inspirational letters from my faithful readers, telling me just how much they love Oz and all of its enchanting characters."
L. Frank Baum--(Circa 1907)
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"Oh, but anyway, Toto, we're home – home! And this is my room – and you're all here – and I'm not going to leave here ever, ever again, because I love you all! And...oh, Auntie Em, there's no place like home! "
The Wizard of Oz (1939)

After Dorothy's adventure in Oz, the beings she liberated and befriended there had many more adventures after her departure. Dorothy's friend the Scarecrow (with his new brains) temporarily became the King of Oz to rule over Oz's Imperial Capital aka the Emerald City, before the long-lost Princess Ozma was found. Her friend the Tin Woodman (with his new heart) took the place of the Wicked Witch of the West and became the monarch emperor to rule over the Winkie Country of Oz while living in a tin castle. And last but not least the Cowardly Lion (with his new courage) became King of all beast and went to live in the enchanted jungles of Oz to rule over the animal kingdom with his best friend the Hungry Tiger.

Despite vowing to never leave home again, Dorothy made three more trips to the magical Land of Oz between being sent home and coming to reside there permanently. On each trip, Dorothy arrived at a separate enchanted country neighboring Oz before visiting Oz proper.

  • Dorothy is absent from the second Oz book which serves as a sequel and picks up right where The Wonderful Wizard of Oz left off. In The Marvelous Land of Oz, published in 1904, it is suggested that Dorothy is still recuperating from her first adventure and is at home with Toto back in Kansas. Though she is mentioned several times, she does not make an appearance until the third Oz book titled Ozma of Oz, published in 1907.

Ozma of Oz (1907)

After having to rebuild a new farmhouse to replace the old one the cyclone carried away, Uncle Henry's doctor ordered him to go on a vacation to take a break from all the hard work and labor. Accompanied by his niece, Dorothy, they went on a sea voyage to Australia to visit relatives while Aunt Em and Toto stayed back in Kansas to look after the new farm. While sailing, a fierce storm came in the night, blowing strong winds, rain, and lightning, thus tossing the little ship violently over the waves. Dorothy and a yellow farm hen named Billina were accidentally thrown overboard and cast into the sea. Both took refuge safe inside a wooden chicken coop that was afloat nearby, resulting in them drifting far off and washing up upon the shores of Ev, another undiscovered enchanted island located on the same continent as Oz, being its neighboring country, as both Oz and Ev are separated by the Deadly Desert.

Once the morning sun had risen, Dorothy and Billina crawled out of the coop to get on dry land. Soon they found trees growing lunch and dinner pails to eat. After the meal they narrowly escaped the bad-mannered Wheelers, and met Tik-Tok, a mechanical man made of copper who ran on clockwork and could walk, talk and think when wound up. The three then visited the pampered and vain Princess Langwidere, who in a tantrum imprisoned them in her palace tower. Luckily they were rescued by Princess Ozma, the new ruler of Oz, who by coincidence just happened to cross over the Deadly Desert from Oz to Ev on a Magic Carpet thanks to the magical aid of Glinda the Good. Ozma had originally come with the intention to rescue the Royal Family of Ev, who recently had been enslaved by the wicked Nome King. Accompanying Ozma were the Scarecrow from Oz and the Tin Woodman and even the Cowardly Lion who was accompanied by his new best friend the Hungry Tiger. The three Ozian beings immediately recognized their old friend Dorothy and rescued her and her company from the captivity of Langwidere. After successfully defeating the Nome King in a rigged guessing game and freeing the Royal Family, Dorothy was eventually brought back to the land of Oz to reunite with all the other Ozians. Dorothy and Ozma became best friends, and Ozma even invited Dorothy to live a comfortable life of luxury in Oz permanently with her as a Princess in the Royal Palace of Oz in the Emerald City. Billina the hen chose to stay but Dorothy politely declined and chose to return to Kansas with Toto and her family but promised to visit from time to time. (Ozma of Oz)

Dorothy and the Wizard In Oz (1908)

After Dorothy was transported to Australia and reunited with Uncle Henry, they soon took another vacation and went on to San Francisco. They were also accompanied by Eureka, a white stray kitten they found and adopted. In San Francisco, Dorothy met her cousin, Zeb Hugson, and his horse, Jim. On the way to Hugson's Ranch a earthquake hit and Dorothy, Zeb, Eureka, and Jim fell into the cracks of the departed earth and they all eventually fell down into the Land of the Mangaboos, where the people are made entirely of vegetables. There Dorothy was reunited with the Wizard himself who had also entered into the strange realm when the earthquake hit, falling into the cracks of the earth while in his hot air balloon. Soon the Mangaboos evicted them from their country so the travelers went on a subterranean journey through the Valley of Voe, met the Braided Man on Pyramid Mountain, were briefly imprisoned by Gargoyles, and encountered a cavern full of Dragonettes. Eventually they came to a dead-end cavern, so Dorothy finally remembered to signal Ozma for help when it was an absolute emergency. And Ozma, seeing this, quickly used the power of the Magic Belt (a tool of the Nome King) to bring them safely to Oz. After staying there a few days spending time with all the Ozians, Dorothy, Zeb, and their animals decided to finally return to San Francisco. (Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz)

The Road To Oz (1909)

Some time later in August, the old and homeless Shaggy Man appeared at the Gale farm in Kansas. He was asking Dorothy for directions to Butterfield, the next closest town on the sun-baked prairie. Dorothy agreed to show him the way, and with Toto accompanying her (for the first time since the first book) the two left the farm with the Shaggy Man and set out to Butterfield. However, after walking for only a short time they somehow unknowingly entered another dimension and found themselves lost in an unknown enchanted land and clearly not in Kansas anymore. During this adventure the three met a cute little boy named Button-Bright who had also lost his way and then the group met the mystical and beautiful daughter of the Rainbow called Polychrome, who had accidentally fallen off her bow. Dorothy and her new friends eventually passed through Foxville, where King Dox told them that Ozma's birthday party was in a few days. The travelers then made it their goal to find a way to Oz and passed through Dunkiton, met Allegro da Capo, escaped from the Scoodlers, and successfully crossed the Deadly Desert in a boat built by Johnny Dooit. Arriving in the Land of Oz just in time, the travelers attended Ozma's birthday party, where a lavish banquet was held with the real Santa Claus as an honored guest. After the banquet, the Wizard performed many magic tricks for the party, and Santa Claus even took a tour of the Emerald City while riding upon the Sawhorse. After the celebration, Dorothy and Toto were returned saftley home. (The Road to Oz)

The Emerald City of Oz (1910)

At the beginning of this story, it is made quite clear that Dorothy is in the habit of freely speaking of her adventures to her Aunt Em and Uncle Henry. Neither of them believes a word of her stories, but consider her a dreamer, like her dead mother. Later, it is revealed that the new farmhouse that Uncle Henry had to build after the destruction that the cyclone caused on the farm back in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, has left Henry in terrible debt. He has taken out a mortgage and if he cannot repay his creditors, they will seize the farm. He is not afraid for himself, but both he and his wife, Aunt Em, fear very much for their niece's future. Dorothy quickly arranges with Princess Ozma to take them to the land of Oz, where they can all escape their troubles and will be safe. Using the power of the Magic Belt, Ozma transports them to the Royal Palace of Oz. There the Gales were given beautiful apartment suites to live in and were surrounded by many luxuries to enjoy, including a vast and complex wardrobe of fine jewelry and costumes of the most elegant fabrics. However, Uncle Henry and Aunt Em later chose to live a more simple, humble existence (for Oz at least) in a home on the outskirts of the Emerald City, as they were not used to city life and all the extravagance that came with it. But overall, Henry and Em now live happy and content lives in Oz and like their niece have become aristocratic immortals under the Royal Reign of Ozma. (The Emerald City of Oz)

(Princess Dorothy)

  • Dorothy's stories in Oz don't stop there, after moving to Oz permanently she does go on to have many more fantastical adventures in Baum's Oz books and the continued series started by authors John R. Neill and Ruth Plumly Thompson after Baum's death.
"Dorothy dressed herself in a long pretty sky-blue gown of rich silk, trimmed with a string of real pearls and sapphire gems. The buckles of her satin shoes were also sky blue and outlined with pearls shared with sapphires, and more of these priceless pieces were on a lovely silver coronet which she wore upon her forehead. “For,” said her friend Ozma, “from this time forth, my dear, you must assume your rightful rank as a Princess of Oz, and being my chosen companion you must dress in a way befitting the dignity of your position..."
The Emerald City of Oz (1910)
  • As a princess in Oz, Dorothy surprisingly maintains her innocent personality. Although she is proud of her title and position, she doesn't let it ruin her spirit. She instead remains as optimistic and wholesome as the Kansas girl she is at heart. Dorothy rather humbly accepts control of the Emerald City, hesitant to make rules on her own. She doesn't let power go to her head during these times and that is one of the many reasons why the citizens of Emerald City and the people of Oz in general all love her.

Age of Dorothy Gale

"While Dorothy stood looking eagerly at the strange and beautiful sights, she noticed coming toward her a group of the queerest people she had ever seen. They were not as big as the grown folk she had always been used to; but neither were they very small. In fact, they seemed about as tall as Dorothy, who was a well-grown child for her age, although they were, so far as looks go, many years older..."
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)

Dorothy Gale is just like any other little country girl of her time, ordinary, average and a well grown child for her age. She is a full blooded American girl who has been brought up and raised in the heart of America. Her exact age is never given in the original book, and is not given in any of the sequel Oz books by Baum. Despite this mystery, Dorothy's official Birthday is said to be June 10th and it does hint how old Dorothy might be; Baum does clearly state that Dorothy is just a mere child, a "little girl" from Kansas, not a teenager nor young adult. So, her character is no older than twelve being that she most likely has not reached her teen years. In Baum's later Oz novel, The Lost Princess of Oz, published in 1917, it is stated that the character Betsy Bobbin is one year older than Dorothy, and the character Trot is a year younger. Then in the continued series The Giant Horse of Oz, by Oz author Ruth Plumly Thompson, published in 1928, it states that Trot is ten years old. That would make Dorothy Gale eleven years old.

Dorothy of 1939...

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Judy Garland reads The Wizard of Oz 1939.

In the iconic MGM Musical of 1939, legendary actress and singer, the late Judy Garland was made out to be twelve years old when she portrayed the character of Dorothy Gale. Her age is never mentioned in the movie but her age on the set was twelve. At first, when it was officially announced that a movie musical version of Baum's The Wonderful Wizard of Oz was to be made, many executives and casting agents felt Garland wasn't attractive enough to play Dorothy. But Garland's backers including Mervyn LeRoy reminded her doubters that Dorothy wasn't supposed to be an attractive bombshell, she was suppossed to be just an average looking little girl who was orphaned and lived on a poor Kansas farm. Garland herself was sixteen at the time the movie was made, therefore she wore a special custom made corset under her costume dress that painfully bound and flattened her bosom and curves down to give her a much more undeveloped, youthful appearance. Despite Garland being technically too old for the part of Dorothy, she does successfully portray the innocence of a very young lady who just wants to go home. Dorothy's desire to get back to her adult guardians is believable which makes Garland's character portrayal work regardless of the age gap.

Dorothy of 1985...

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Fairuza Balk as Dorothy Gale 1985.

In Walt Disney's 1985 fantasy film Return to Oz, Dorothy was played by then child actress Fairuza Balk who was ten years old during filming. Return to Oz was a live action non musical "semi sequel" movie that strayed further away from the 1939 musical and stayed more faithful to what Baum originally envisioned when he wrote the Oz books. Fairuza was definitely no Judy Garland, some critics even said that watching Balk play Dorothy, was like watching a living porcelain doll on screen. Indeed there was a vibe around her for so many reasons because of this historic role. The director, Walter Murch had given the role to Balk because she captured the essence of the character without trying to be a copycat version of Judy Garland, while other girls who also auditioned for the part were discarded for trying to be as close as possible to Judy's portrayal of Dorothy which came off as cheesy and insincere. Balk was so much younger and posh looking compared to Garland but was cast well for the movie because in actuality, there was a kind of a uniqueness and darkness to Balk that ended up working for the darker tones in the film which helped it become the "cult classic" it is today.

Fairuza's long dark pigtails and somber blue-green eyes closely resemble W. W. Denslow's original illustrations of Dorothy from the first 1900 book edition.

Dorothy of The Wicked Years...

In Gregory Maguire's Oz series Dorothy is ten when she first arrives to Oz in Wicked, published in 1995. And when she is sixteen Dorothy finally returns in the last book of the series, Out of Oz, published in 2011.

  • In the magical Land of Oz the immortality enchantment by Princess Ozma assures that nobody has to die or age if they do not wish to. Dorothy has relocated to Oz permanently and lives in the Emerald City's Royal Palace as a official "Princess".  No indication of her age is given so we may presume Dorothy Gale will remain closely around ten to twelve years of age forever.

Appearance and Mannerisms

"Dorothy had only one other dress, but that happened to be clean and was hanging on a peg beside her bed. It was gingham, with checks of white and blue; and although the blue was somewhat faded with many washings, it was still a pretty frock. The girl washed herself carefully, dressed herself in the clean gingham, and tied her pink sunbonnet on her head. She took a little basket and filled it with bread from the cupboard, laying a white cloth over the top. Then she looked down at her feet and noticed how old and worn her shoes were. “They surely will never do for a long journey, Toto,” she said. And Toto looked up into her face with his little black eyes and wagged his tail to show he knew what she meant."
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)

Baum describes Dorothy to have a merry laugh, chubby little hands, big earnest eyes filled with awe, and a round, rosy, sunburned face from living on the hot prairies of Kansas. Baum doesn't define Dorothy's appearance exactly in his text such as height, hair color and weight, but leaves it mostly open for the reader's imagination and overall interpretation. Yet in Baum's third Oz book Ozma of Oz, the character named Princess Langwidere of Ev calls Dorothy "Not exactly beautiful but still has a certain style of prettiness". So this hints Dorothy isn't the most gorgeous girl, but she's charming and attractive nonetheless.

Dorothy was first originally illustrated by W. W. Denslow to appear to be a chubby six to twelve-year-old. Her thick, long darkish hair is styled in her trademark braided pigtails that remain untied, being allowed to naturally fall freely without any bows or ribbons; giving her a "rough around the edges" and realistic farm girl look. Baum stated that Dorothy only had one proper dress, which was gingham pattern of faded blue and white checks. Denslow illustrated this dress to have a yoke neckline with no waist. She is also illustrated as wearing a large pink bonnet on her head as described to keep the sun out of her face while traveling throughout Oz and high white, or sometimes blue stockings/pantyhose trotting in the charmed Silver Shoes with pointed toes. And not to forget; Dorothy carried a round wicker basket with a white cloth napkin laid over the top.

In the rest of the Oz books by Baum, the characters including Dorothy herself, are all drawn by john R. Neill and she is illustrated to be a thin, ten to twelve year old who has short blonde hair styled in a blunt bob. Neill's Dorothy also appeared to be a fashion forward young lady for her time, having good taste in clothing despite being described as a poor country farm girl. In the books, it is suggested that Dorothy matured and developed a fashion sense since her first trip to Oz. As it would be nearly four years until Baum would allow the character of Dorothy to return to the magical realm of Oz again. And once Dorothy is finally brought back into the Oz series, it's as if she's had a makeover.

Neill's Dorothy was illustrated wearing pretty dresses and fancy hats or oversized bows in her hair. And usually seen in polished dress-shoes, sometimes even carrying a matching fan or parasol to cool off with, or shade herself while in the hot sun. John R. Neill paid homage to W. W. Denslow's illustration of Dorothy Gale and Toto, specifically in Baum's fifth Oz novel The Road to Oz published in 1909. When Dorothy visits the Tin Woodman's castle, Dorothy stops to admire a tin statue made of her and Toto, appearing exactly as they did during the first adventure in Oz. The statue itself resembles Denslow's version of Dorothy.

  • Oz writer and illustrator Eric Shanower would later go on to base his own version of his Oz books, and comics on Neill's illustrations. His Dorothy also is shown to have short blonde hair, unbraided, in a short bob.

Dorothy and Toto from Legends of Oz

  • In the 2014 CGI fantasy film, Legends of Oz, Dorothy's Return, Dorothy's appearances is modernized and she wears a blue denim overall dress with brown leather country cowboy boots.

THREE TIMES A CHARM: The Silver Shoes From Oz---Not So "Ruby" After All...

  • Main Article Page: See Silver Shoes for further detailed information.
"You are very kind; but there must be some mistake. I have not killed anything." "Your house did, anyway," replied the little old woman, with a laugh. "And that is the same thing. See!" she continued, pointing to the corner of the house; "there are her two toes, still sticking out from under a block of wood." Dorothy looked and gave a little cry of fright. There, indeed, just under the corner of the great beam the house rested on, two feet were sticking out, shod in silver shoes with pointed toes..."
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)
Baum intended the original character for Dorothy Gale to wear shoes of SILVER!!!! The Ruby Slippers were a mere invention for the 1939 musical movie as they felt red would stand out better on screen rather than silver in the primitive color process used during that era. Since Technicolor was something that was considered very new in that time, being used in films such as Gone With the Wind, (also made in 1939) they wanted to take advantage of the distinctive variety of colors that would be seen in the Oz picture, believing red would simply look better and be more "attention grabbing" to the audience.
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The house began to pitch, the kitchen took a slitch, it landed on a Wicked Witch, in the middle of a ditch!

In the movie, after Dorothy clicks her heels she wakes up in Kansas on her bed again while concluding that her trip to Oz was a mere dream. But in Baum's book, Dorothy wore Silver Shoes designed in an Arabian/Dutch style with pointed toes and maryjane styled buckles. When Dorothy clicks her heels to go home, she holds Toto tightly in her arms and closes her eyes. Dorothy is then instantly lifted into the air and carried away. The shoes then took three steps, each step made within the wink of an eye. After rolling over upon the grass several times, when Dorothy reopened her eyes she found herself home again on the prairies of Kansas, but also barefoot in her stockings, the Silver Shoes...lost forever. IMG 20141017 161101

Since the Silver Shoes are enchanted items they are stripped of the magic that holds them to Dorothy's feet when leaving the enchanted universe of Oz, explaining how they happened to slip off and drop into the Deadly Desert below during the flight back home. Since the desert turns any living thing that touches it to sand, once the shoes fell into the desert they ultimately were out of reach and became untouchable. Now, one might ask how it was that Dorothy herself didn't fall right into the desert too since the shoes magic would not work out of Oz. This is because she specifically commanded the pair to take her safely to Aunt Em who was in Kansas. Therefore the magic was obliged to do as it was commanded, even as the shoes went falling off and lost between the two realms that separates and divides Oz from all of the outside world to protect it and it's people from possible invasion and discovery.

"Dorothy now took Toto up solemnly in her arms, and having said one last good-bye she clapped the heels of her shoes together three times, saying: “Take me home to Aunt Em!” Instantly she was whirling through the air, so swiftly that all she could feel or hear was the wind whistling past her ears. The Silver Shoes took but three steps, and then she stopped so suddenly that she rolled over upon the grass several times before she knew where she was. At length, however, she sat up and looked about her. “Good gracious!” she cried. For she was sitting on the broad Kansas prairie, and just before her was the new farmhouse Uncle Henry built after the cyclone had carried away the old one. Uncle Henry was milking the cows in the barnyard, and Toto had jumped out of her arms and was running toward the barn, barking loudly. Dorothy stood up and found she was in her stocking feet, for the Silver Shoes had fallen off in her flight through the air and were lost forever in the desert..."
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)
  • The Silver Shoes from Oz are the first magical item introduced in the story, unlike the 1939 movie many other charmed items are placed into the plot of the book, for example: the magic Golden Cap. And even in Baum's other continuing Oz novels such as enchanted belts, keys, Ozma's Magic Picture and most notably the magic Powder of Life that was used in Disney's 1985 film Return to Oz to bring the character of the flying Gump to life.

Dorothy Gale's Pets

  • Toto the "eventually" talking dog.

Interestingly, after moving to Oz permanently, it is revealed in Baum's eighth Oz book titled Tik-Tok of Oz, published in 1914, that Toto could talk. Since Oz is located in an enchanted realm filled with real magic, Toto had the ability to speak the entire time, even in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. When he came to Oz the first time while aloft in the Kansas cyclone with his mistress, Dorothy, in the farmhouse that landed on the Wicked Witch of the East in the Munchkin Country, he was automatically given the ability to say actual words. Yet Toto simply prefers to only bark as he is so used to using barking as his way of communicating instead of speaking human words or sentences like all the other animals in Oz. Toto also chose not to talk so that he didn't lead on. Thus gaining valuable clues and information in chaotic or stressful situations from those who did not think he could repeat to others what was said.

Billina was introduced in Baum's third Oz book titled Ozma of Oz, published in 1909. She is a yellow hen tossed overboard in a storm when Uncle Henry is traveling overseas to visit relatives in Australia while accompanied by Dorothy She was also thrown overboard when the storm hit the sea, and she along with Billina found refuge in a chicken coop which took them to Ev.

Billina is Dorothy's animal companion for this adventure, the role that Toto serves in the first Oz book. She is portrayed as a very spunky, talkative chicken, Billina was originally named Bill because, she tells Dorothy, "no one could tell whether I was going to be a hen or a rooster". Dorothy insists on changing the hen's name to a feminine form. Billina endures several scares with the Kansas farm girl before they defeat the Nome King as only a hen can as Nomes are poisonous to eggs, as the Wicked Witch of the West was to water. At the end of the novel, Billina chooses to stay in Oz permanently and settles in the Royal Palace of Oz within the Emerald City, which is under Princess Ozma's Royal-Reign. Billina gives births to multiple baby hens whom she names all the boys "Daniel", and the girls all Dorothy in Dorothy's honor.

  • Eureka the pink and purple talking Kitten

Eureka is a beautiful female kitten of all white who was originally a stray. She was found by Uncle Henry, that he gave to Dorothy telling her that the name means "I have found it!" She is introduced in Baum's forth Oz novel Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz, published in 1910.

Dorothy carries Eureka in a small cage on a train with her to San Francisco to visit her relatives on Hugson farm. While riding with Bill Hugson's nephew Zeb Hugson, an earthquake opens a large chasm in the ground, and Eureka falls in the earths bowels and straight into another dimension with Dorothy, her cousin, Zeb, and his horse, Jim, into the land of the Mangaboos. There, all the people consist of vegetable. With vegetable bodies and vegetable surroundings. The strange lights in the Magaboos' magic carven make Eureka appear to be pinkish-purple. Thus staining her permanently.

Speckles is just an ordinary hen on Uncle Henry's farm. Not much is known about her except that she hatched a new brood of chickens.

Brains, Heart, and Courage: Character Analysis of Dorothy Gale

"If Dorothy would only be contented to live in the Emerald City," continued the Scarecrow, "we might all be happy together." "But I don't want to live here," cried Dorothy. "I want to go to Kansas, and live with Aunt Em and Uncle Henry! "
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)

Specifically before her arrival in Oz, Dorothy Gale leads an isolated life that is focused on her dog Toto and on her hard working Uncle Henry, a seemingly very poor farmer. And her Aunt Em, a submitting housewife. Dorothy is therefore somewhat of a strict homebody, who never leaves nor has ventured off of the Kansas prairies. Nevertheless she interacts in a civil manner, and generously and honestly with others despite her isolated lifestyle. Dorothy has a tendency to focus on pressing matters, but has the patience to hold onto her dreams and is determined to make them come true. She cares about family and friends and is loyal to both, such as her Oz friends and Toto. Dorothy Gale is the very essence of the young at heart, especially Americans and represents the child like quality of the child in us all.

Dorothy also finds the good in everything, and continued believing in herself as well as others. Dorothy remains positive, humble, being usually sweet tempered. She is an optimistic dreamer, like her dead mother, and Aunt Em has suggested that the Fairies marked her soul at birth, since she has been protected and unharmed in all of her amazing and dangerous adventures through many strange and bizarre places. Dorothy symbolizes the Spiritual Orphan. She differs from other female protagonist in European culture and other Fairytales because she does not need a prince or a man to rescue her. She was an all American girl longing for something other than the boring routine of farm life in Kansas. Unlike Judy Garland's portrayal as Dorothy in 1939, she is much more independent and braver in Baum's book.

Even after becoming a official Princess of Oz, Dorothy remained unspoiled and un materialistic by all of the lavish riches surrounding her in the Royal Palace of Oz.

Dorothy is known to never looks anyone or thing over. This is how she became friends with the Scarecrow, seeing him wink at her as she was passing by, she saw him as more than just a sack of straw and saving him from his bleak existence in the cornfield. Dorothy saw the Tin Woodman, more than just a rusted piece of tin deep in the woods, and saved him also. And Dorothy even saw the Cowardly Lion being so much more than a mere coward. Dorothy saw the brains, heart and courage in all three of her Oz friends, even though they could not see it in themselves.

And just like her three friends, Dorothy is smart, loving and brave.


In the original book, when Dorothy set out on her journey to see the Wizard, she was smart enough to fill her basket with bread and butter from the cupboard of her house to keep her and Toto fed on the way to the Emerald City. And when she had defeated the Wicked Witch of the West, she took the Witch's magic Golden Cap as she believed it may come in handy. The cap also let it's wearer command the Winged Monkeys. The Winged Monkey we're all obliged to obey their masters orders three times and three times only. Dorothy was smart enough to speak the Cap's charm and ask the Winged Monkey to fly her back home to Kansas. But to her dismay, the Monkeys were unable to cross over the Deadly Desert that surrounded the land and could not leave the realm of Oz, even if they desired to do so. Magical creatures cannot live in the realms of civilized countries or lands such as Kansas. This resulted in Dorothy having to travel to the south and seek out Glinda for her help.


When she first came to the Land of Oz, she was eager to find a way home, as she was concerned if her Uncle and Aunt were okay back in Kansas after the cyclone. This made Dorothy a thoughtful person, thinking of others safety and well-being other than just her own. And showed her throughout the story as remaining unselfish because she was worried that Aunt Em would go into mourning over Dorothy's long disappearance and Uncle Henry not being able to afford the damage that the cyclone caused on the farm and the crops. In the iconic 1939 movie, Judy Garland's Dorothy was also ultimately unselfish. Despite running away from her unhappiness and troubles at home; when Dorothy discovered that her Aunt Em had been grief-stricken and dying of a broken heart, Dorothy realized she had made a mistake and spent the entire movie trying to find a way back home to get to her sick Aunt as she was guilt ridden.


Despite being only a mere child, Dorothy is brave for a Kansas farmgirl who was orphaned. She has confidence and a sense of self and will fight for what she believes in. For example: while halfway to the Emerald City, the Cowardly Lion is brought into the story; when he tried to attack Dorothy and her traveling friends in the forest, he also attempted to bite Toto. Dorothy was brave enough to defend her little dog, not fearing the Cowardly Lion who Baum describes being nearly as large as a horse in size. Despite this Dorothy was not too scared to stand up for her helpless dog.

Dorothy was also portrayed as a natural hero unintentionally. She is seen overcoming being imprisoned and enslaved by the notorious Wicked Witch of the West. This alone makes Dorothy a survivor.

Dorothy's character and personality traits are generally of innocence. For she did not intentionally kill the Wicked Witch of the West on purpose, and when she learned that her farmhouse had accidentally killed the Wicked Witch of the East, Dorothy asked if there was anything that could be done to assist the crushed Witch as she lay under the house. Another positive trait is Dorothy is always very forgiving, for when she and her friends in Oz discovered that the great Wizard was nothing more than an old Humbug, Dorothy forgave him and felt that the Wizard wasn't such a bad man after all. In all of Dorothy's adventures in Oz, she seemed to have a maturity beyond her years and managed to take care of herself and Toto the best she could.

In Disney's 1985 film Return to Oz, The Nome King tries to manipulate and bribe Dorothy with a deal. He tells Dorothy that she could give up, and save herself and he will use the magic of the Ruby Slippers and send her back home again. He even promises to erase Dorothy's memories of Oz so she will never think of Oz ever again. Dorothy, having a confident character and sense of self, rejects the Nome King's offer and decides to do the right thing to help her friends who are all in trouble. Thus, continuing her brave quest of trying to save the land of Oz and it's people.

"There were several roads near by, but it did not take her long to find the one paved with yellow brick. Within a short time she was walking briskly toward the Emerald City, her Silver Shoes tinkling merrily on the hard yellow roadbed. The sun shone bright and the birds sang sweet and Dorothy did not feel nearly so bad as you might think a little girl would who had been suddenly whisked away from her own country and set down in the midst of a strange land..."
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)

Immortality in Oz

""But," said Dorothy, after a moment's thought, "Aunt Em has told me that the witches were all dead--years and years ago." "Who is Aunt Em?" inquired the little old woman. "She is my aunt who lives in Kansas, where I came from..."
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)

Because the universe where the Land of Oz lies is filled with fairy magic, Princess Dorothy is forever immortal like all living things in Oz. Therefore she nor anyone else who reside there have to die. And with the help of Glinda, Princess Ozma, stopped the aging process in Oz forever. No one ever becomes deathly-ill or dies unless they are bad and evil like the Wicked Witches who once dwelled in Oz before Dorothy killed them. In Baum's later Oz books, Dorothy is in her late teens and even early twenties in the dozen sequels. But due to Oz's enchantment, Dorothy doesn't look a day older than she appeared to be when she was first brought to Oz by the cyclone in the first story, a truly disturbing element.

In the Oz book by author Ruth Plumly Thompson titled The Lost King of Oz, published in 1925, Dorothy is accidentally transported to Hollywood. When she arrives she begins to grow rapidly into a middle-aged adult woman. While in Hollywood, she also meets Humpy, a friendly live stunt dummy, whom she brings back to Oz where she immediately forms back into her normal child self.

Family Tree of Dorothy Gale

  • As many Historians believe that Dorothy Gale was inspired by Alice Liddell from Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass; unlike Alice, Dorothy did not live an upper-class and pampered Victorian lifestyle.

Dorothy has a rather fuzzy history, and while not necessarily dysfunctional, Dorothy does have a broken upbringing but otherwise little to no backstory. All Baum tells us about the history of Dorothy is that she is apparently an only child whose parents have died. We do not even know if Dorothy remembers them. She seemed to be a content if lonely little girl living in Kansas, she seems to have no friends her own age and is most likely home-schooled. Whether or not her Aunt and Uncle are blood-related is also unclear.

Most likely, Dorothy's Uncle Henry is her blood relative. In Baum's third Oz novel, Ozma of Oz, Dorothy and Henry are on a ship to see family in Australia to take a break from farming on doctor's orders due to the stress that the cyclone has brought upon Henry. Aunt Em stays behind in Kansas to look after the farm. In Baum's fourth Oz book, Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz, Dorothy is with Uncle Henry in California at Hugson's Ranch, on their way home from Australia, Dorothy having visited friends in San Francisco. She strikes up an acquaintance with Hugson's nephew and her second cousin, Zeb of Hugson's Ranch. These are probably Uncle Henry's relatives also. In the first chapter, Zeb tells Dorothy that his own uncle, Bill Hugson, married "your Uncle Henry's wife's sister". This seems to cement that Dorothy's blood relative is indeed Uncle Henry, since if she was related to Aunt Em, Zeb would have said "your Aunt Em's sister". Furthermore, in the second chapter of The Emerald City of Oz, Baum writes, "As for Uncle Henry, he thought his little niece merely a dreamer, as her dead mother had been." The wistful tone of this passage might be taken to suggest that Uncle Henry is Dorothy's mother's brother.

Unlike many versions of the story, in the original book Dorothy's Aunt Em does not seem to have a close relationship with her niece. She appears to be unable to find the joy in the small and simple things in life that Dorothy (being a child) still could. However, at the very end of the story, when Dorothy and Toto are sent home, Aunt Em is happy to see Dorothy has come back to her, indicating that she does have love for Dorothy after all.

In the opening chapter of his first Oz book, L. Frank Baum famously informs the reader that Dorothy is an orphan who lives with Aunt Em and Uncle Henry (In the 1902 stage adaptation of the book, she has a still-living father). Her family name, Gale, isn't mentioned in the books until the third one, Ozma of Oz. Aunt Em and Uncle Henry are never identified as Gales in any of the Oz books (Henry is called "Henry Gale" in the 1939 movie based loosely on the first book).

In the 1985 Disney film Return to Oz, Henry's last name is "Blue". This result makes Dorothy's family relationship undetermined. However, Aunt Em mentions a sister named Garnet, who wouldn't be related to Dorothy directly.

In Syfy's Tinman miniseries, it is eventually revealed the character of D.G. is Dorothy Gale's great granddaughter. D.G. is sent to Oz in present day, over one hundred years after the real Dorothy came and made history by being the very first "Slipper" to cross over into the "Outer Zone" aka Oz.

In Disney's 2013 Oz-prequel to the 1939 musical Oz the Great and Powerful, the film is set thirty to forty years prior to when Dorothy's story takes place. A pre-Wizard Oscar Diggs aka "Oscar Oz", has an on again off again lover by the name of "Annie Gale" in Kansas. This hints that it is highly possible Annie is Dorothy's mother. She is also wearing a gingham dress of checks just like her unborn daughter Dorothy one day will.

In March Laumer's book Uncle Henry and Aunt Em in Oz and its companion, Aunt Em and Uncle Henry in Oz, their last name is Mankato. Also, differing accounts of Dorothy's parentage are given in both, and in the fourth-wall breaking A Farewell to Oz, Laumer himself asks her which account is true. Her answer is unfortunately not given. Elsewhere in Laumer's sub-series, she marries Zippiochogollak and has a son with him who goes on to teach at the Wogglebug's university.

Baum's Character Inspiration

"Dorothy Gale" is a certified household name, it is the name belonging to one of the most beloved and well known characters of all time. But also one of the least discussed names of fiction. This is most likely due to Baum giving Dorothy little to no backstory. However, Oz's Dorothy was not the first Dorothy of L. Frank Baum's work. In Baum's first children's book titled Mother Goose In Prose, published in 1897 there is also another Dorothy who later would be unofficially identified as Dorothy Gale in Baum's Oz book. The name of Dorothy in general was also a very popular name at the time and many fictional characters were being given it. Such as Charles E. Carryl's Fairytale titled The Admiral's Caravan, published in 1891. Despite this fact, Baum later insisted that he did not base the character of Dorothy Gale on anyone in particular.

Many Historians believe that Baum's original influence on the creation of Oz's "Dorothy" appears to be the Alice of English author Lewis Carroll's Wonderland & Looking Glass books. It is highly possible that Baum took some of the personality traits of Alice and morphed them into his own for his character. He ultimately Americanized the character who would become known as Dorothy Gale.

Despite Baum stating Dorothy is not based upon anyone real, the name of Dorothy was most likely chosen in homage to Baum's own real-life niece, 'Dorothy Louise Gage', who died in infancy. Baum's wife was very attached to her and was deeply grieved by her death, so there is speculation that Baum inserted her name into his stories as a memorial. Elements of Dorothy Gale's character are possibly derived from 'Matilda Joslyn Gage', Dorothy's grandmother. Dorothy Gage is buried in Evergreen Cemetery in Bloomington, Illinois.

Lee Sandlin, writes that L. Frank Baum read a disaster report of a tornado in Irving, Kansas, in May 1879 which included the name of a victim, Dorothy Gale, who was "found buried face down in a mud puddle."

Book Appearances

Dorothy does not appear in The Marvelous Land of Oz, Captain Salt in Oz, or The Silver Princess in Oz.

Other Oz-Related Books

In Magic Land

Magic Land is the Russian version of the The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, originally titled: Волшебник Изумрудного Города.

The book was written by Russian author Alexander Melentyevich Volkov, published in 1939, the same year the MGM film starring Judy Garland as Dorothy was made. The adolescent girl protagonist based and modelled upon Dorothy Gale is named Ellie Smith. (Sometimes spelled Elly Smith in some printing versions) And the dog that serves as Toto is named Totoshka.

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Ellie Smith with her Magic Land Friends.

In this version, much of the story is the same as Baum's original story with only a few changes in the plots and most of the character's names are translated into Russian form.

Magician of Oz and sequels

Dorothy meets Jamie Diggs, the great grandson of the Wizard at Glinda's palace. She receives a special gift of his friendship by Ozma, which represents the central theme of the book. Dorothy, along with Toto, accompanies Jamie who is declared the new Royal Magician of Oz, on his journey to battle the Army of Trees and casts her own Spell of the Stone Morels against the army of Morel Mushrooms who have sided with the Fighting Trees. (Magician of Oz)

Dorothy reunites with Jamie and meets his best friend, Buddy, when they arrive by balloon in the Emerald City. She joins them and even Ozma as they travel by balloon to explore the dark hole beneath the covered bridge in Winkie Country where the Shadow Demon was reborn. Her encounter with him while travelling by boat along the Winkie River provides Jamie a critical clue that sends him and Buddy to Mount Munch in order to save the Hyups from the Shadow Demon. (Shadow Demon of Oz)

Dorothy meets Jamie's mother, Amanda, along with two Hyups, Darlene and Heavenlee. They travel to the Emerald City and reunite with the rest of Jamie's family and friends, all of whom have been transported to Oz by means of a magic box. Dorothy joins everyone as they travel south to the banks of the Munchkin River to watch the climatic battle against Cobbler the Dog, the mechanical pet of Tik-Tok, who was possessed by the evil remains of the Wicked Witch of the East. (Family of Oz)

Dorothy of Oz

Roger S. Baum continues the Oz series of his great grandfather...

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Dorothy of Oz original book cover 1989

Roger S. Baum is the great grandson of L. Frank Baum. In this story, the tale starts in Kansas. While Toto is barking at the chickens and Aunt Em and Uncle Henry are working on the farm, Dorothy is making her bed in the morning and takes a peek out her bedroom window to see a bright and beautiful rainbow in the distance. With Toto at her side, she rushes outside to try and catch it. When she finally reaches it, she then sees Glinda the Good Witch inside it. She tells Dorothy that she must return to Oz so that she can save her friends from an evil jester. She retrieved the Silver Shoes that Dorothy lost in the Deadly Desert on her flight back home from Oz after the first trip. She tells Dorothy that the desert has weakened the power of the shoes' magic, so they can only work two more times to take her to Oz and then back again before the charm officially dies. Dorothy uses them for her and Toto to go back to Oz and let the adventure begin. ("Dorothy of Oz")

Gregory Maguire's The Wicked Years 1995--2011

"She was up and running in an ungainly way, and her three goofy companions followed in a mounting panic. As the first few drops of rain fell, the Witch caught sight, not of the girl's face, but the shoes. Her sister's shoes! They sparkled, even in the darkening afternoon. They sparkled like yellow diamonds in the sun, embers of blood, and thorny stars..."
―introduction to Wicked (1995)

Author Gregory Maguire combined both the original character of 1900's Dorothy by Baum and the 1939 version of Dorothy portrayed by the late Judy Garland while adding his own traits into the character making it work for the story of Wicked. In Maguire's story she is portrayed as a good-natured child. She is practical, single-minded and even slightly boring. She also has a tendency to burst into song, which the Ozians find irritating to the point she is able to use it as a threat later in the book series.

Baum's Dorothy was around ten to twelve years old. Maguire also keeps her a mere child like in the original book, while also adding some of the personality traits and mannerisms of Judy's iconic portrayal of her who was sixteen when she played the role. And much like in the original story by Baum, Maguire confirms that her experience in Oz was indeed a real place and not a dream like it appeared to be in the 1939 film version.

In Wicked, Dorothy is not the focal point of the plot even though she does play a rather small but very important role, but only because the story could not exist without her. Dorothy is mentioned several times but is only involved in the chaos and drama towards the end of Maguire's tale. Dorothy is seen as a mere outsider who cannot read Oz's unique writing system, knows nothing about Oz's complex politics and overall system, laws or history.

Dorothy is oblivious to the world around her, as everything seems so magical and alien to her. Although she is well-meaning, mature for her age and very compassionate beyond her years, her innocence and unyielding desire to return to Kansas, causes a domino effect in the result of negative outcomes. And much unwanted trouble and heartache for the main character of the book, Elphaba Thropp.

It is Elphaba's bad reputation as Dorothy does not know any better to think of Elphaba for anything other than what everyone else in Oz views her as, which is "Wicked". Even though Elphaba is not actually so, just misunderstood. But Dorothy, however, is not aware of this until she meets Elphaba in the Vinkus aka the "Winkie Country" at the Kiamo Ko castle when the Wizard sends Dorothy to kill her. In the 1939 film the Wicked Witch of the West is a counterpart for the Kansas mayor named Almira Gulch who Dorothy calls a "Wicked old Witch". However, in Wicked there is no indication if the character of Almira Gulch exist.

In both Baum's original children's book of 1900 and Maguire's 1995 mature revision, Dorothy attends a banquet party in Oz and spends her first night on the Yellow Brick Road at the house of a wealthy Munchkin named Boq who is the richest one in Oz. He held this celebration in honor of her for killing the Wicked Witch of the East and setting the Munchkins free from her bondage.

This was not portrayed accurately in the 1939 film but in Wicked it is revealed that the two characters discussed the etymology of Dorothy's name. Boq finds it interesting that it is the reverse of her land's "King" Theodore — which means "Gift of the Gods" — and that it means "Goddess of Gifts". This fact causes many of the superstitious Ozians to look at her as a saint in the flesh. And much like a disciple sent to Oz to fulfill a prophecy by the "Unnamed God". The fact that she wears Nessarose's magic shoes make the Ozians even more superstitious of her. And the coincidence her last name is the same of the Wizard's Army aka the "Gale Force" makes her nearly untouchable. Her disposition was so incredible to the Ozians, they imagined at one point that she must be an assassin, disguised as a "Gullible Sweetheart".

"Grimmerie? I don't know what your talking about. I am all alone in this strange land, don't make me do this!" Cried the girl. "I would give you the shoes, if I could. But they won't come off! I think Glinda put a spell on them, I've been trying to get them off for days and days. My socks are so sweaty it's not to be believed!"
Wicked (1995)


Towards the end of the novel, Elphabla finally orders her Flying Monkeys to capture and bring Dorothy and Brrr The Cowardly Lion to the Kiamo Ko castle. And just like in Baum's original book the Scarecrow and Tin Woodman are left behind in the dark, unforgiving night.

After an uncomfortable and disastrous meal, Elphaba pulls Dorothy into one of castle's towers in an attempt to straighten things out. While also assuming she had to be tied into the tapestry of conspiracies in Oz, she confesses that the Wizard sent her to kill Elphaba, but Dorothy, being a mere child, simply cannot bring herself to do such a terrible task. Elphaba commands her to hand over the slippers, but they are enchanted under the protection of Glinda and will not come off. Dorothy explains that the Wizard himself even tried to pry them off before sending her to the Vinkus in exchange to be sent back home. Despite her efforts, they will not come off, Dorothy is magically locked tight inside of them, for better or worse.

As it became apparent, Elphaba breifly realizes that Dorothy reminds her much of herself, as both Dorothy and Elphaba are misunderstood outsiders. Elphaba finally sees that Dorothy is just an innocent human girl from a different place who had been thrown into a world that she knew nothing about. But then Elphaba becomes physiologically and emotionally crippled by Dorothy's honest pleas for forgiveness for killing her sister.

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Elphaba Thropp confronts a frightened Dorothy in Wicked.

This pushes Elphaba to her psychological breaking point. She finally snaps and goes insane and this is when Elphaba accidentally sets herself on fire due to not paying attention to her surroundings. The hot sparks from a nearby candle caught on her long robes and black cape, setting her ablaze. Dorothy, seeing her in trouble, tries to save the woman and put out the fire by grabbing a nearby bucket of water that was collecting rainwater from a leak. Dorothy, not knowing water is fatal to Elphaba, tosses the bucket at her without a second thought. To her horror, it tragically melts her away, killing her by accident instead of helping her as Dorothy thought it would.

Son Of A Witch...

In the sequel Son of a Witch, the story picks up right after Elphaba's tragic death. Liir, (Elphaba's oddball son), accompanies Dorothy, Toto, the Scarecrow, the Tin Man, and Brrr the Cowardly Lion back to the Emerald City to see the Wizard again after successfully completing their task.

While traveling through the Vinkus, Dorothy and the group all meet a shapeshifting Princess who is also the head leader of her native tribe. The Princesses name is Nastoya who appeared to the group as a human girl but was originally an elephant at birth. Nastoya explains to them all that because of the Wizard and his prejudice veiws against Animals, she disguised herself and vailed her true form as a clever shield of protection. Yet Nastoya confesses she is finding it increasingly difficult to switch forms which leads her to believe she is dying.

As so, Nastoya shockingly morphs herself and transforms right infront of Dorothy and her companions which is described to be revolting to watch as Nastoya's skin stretches and her bones shift and body mutates. Seeing this, Dorothy nearly vomits in her apron and Toto passes out in a nervous fit. In the third and final book of the Wicked series Out of Oz, it is revealed that an old Witch called "La Mombey" was the sorceress who placed the spell on her.

When Dorothy reaches the Emerald City Liir is told to wait outside the Wizard's palace while Dorothy and her friends step inside to speak with Oz. Despite her promise to come back to say goodbye before returning to Kansas, Dorothy forgets about Liir and leaves without a proper farewell, leaving Liir heartbroken. Despite this, Liir does not hold it against her because he understands how eager she was to get back home.

It is rumored by the Ozians that when Dorothy was sent home, she was seen descending up into the sky waving her apron and carrying that "damn fool dog".

A Lion Among Men...

In the third book in the Wicked series A Lion Among Men, Brrr the Cowardly Lion meets Dorothy when he abandons city life to live in the wilderness of Oz. He meets her on the yellow brick road when she is already accompanied by the Scarecrow and Nick Chopper the Tin Woodman. Brrr then goes with them to the Emerald City and to Kiamo Ko to kill Elphaba.

Out Of Oz...

"It would take Dorothy Gale and her relatives three days to reach the mountains by train from Kansas, the conductor told them. No matter what the schoolteacher had said about Galileo, Copernicus and those other spoilsports, any cockamamie theory that the world was round remained refuted by the geometrical instrument of a rattling train applied to the spare facts of a prairie. Dorothy watched eagles and hawks careering too high to cast shadows, she watched the returning larks and bluebirds, and she wondered what they knew about the shape of the world and if they would ever tell her. "
Out of Oz (2011)

In the fourth and final book of the Wicked series Out of Oz, it is explained that Dorothy is teleported home, flying over the magical Land of Oz and back to Kansas thanks to the power of Nessa's beautiful slippers. Unfortunately, she loses them when they fell off her feet on the flight back somewhere in between the universe that separates Oz from the civilized world. And just like in the original book by Baum, they are never recovered. Nevertheless, Dorothy reappears on the horizon, shoeless but still in one piece on the prairie, and of course, holding Toto in her arms.

Due to her extended disappearance and unexplainable survival from the cyclone, the other local children at the schoolhouse Dorothy attends, completely shun her and label her a freak of nature for riding the winds of a twister and living to tell about it, nonetheless suddenly reappearing out of nowhere months later.

To keep herself from feeling lonely, Dorothy takes up singing to hide the fact that no one at school would talk to her. And her tales of Oz only make her seem completely crazy, thus making her unmarrigeable and "ungodly".

Six years later, Dorothy and Toto are unexpectedly sent to Oz by fate once again. But now she is approximately sixteen years old. Even though it has been less than a decade since her first visit in her world, it has been around twenty to thirty years in Oz's time.

Back in Kansas, Dorothy's relatives never believes her stories about Oz and criticize her for having her head in the clouds and sabotaging her future. To help her forget about Oz, Aunt Em and Uncle Henry decide to take a trip to San Fransisco on vacation. However, after sightseeing, Dorothy ends up being trapped with Toto in a motel elevator when a earthquake hits (believed to be the same California earthquake from 1906).

When the building collapses the elevator falls into the bowels of the Earth and into another dimension. It falls from the sky, accidentally lands on a cow, and kills it. And Toto is somehow lost in the process when he falls out of the elevator doors which are cracked just enough for him to slip through.

Dorothy is buried alive under all the rocks and pieces of the Earth that the earthquake brought down along with the elevator. Luckily, it is found by nearby locals who dig up and save her. She suffers from a temporary state of amnesia and a bump on her head which gives her a near concussion. She is taken in by strangers and nursed back to health. She spends many months recuperating from the traumatic event and slowly gains her memory back.

When Dorothy's health strengthens she realizes she is back in the Land of Oz again, specifically in the country of the Glikkus tribe. She learns that Oz has fallen into war and the Glikkun trolls extradite her to Munchkinland's new capital, Bright Lennins, where the new Eminence has her stand trial for the murders of saint Nessarose and saint Elphaba Thropp, calling it "regicide." She is imprisoned against her will and is used as a mere scapegoat who was left accountable for the deaths of the two Thropp sisters who died decades prior. And sure enough, the overall court case finds her guilty and she is sentenced. But to her surprise her old friend, Brrr aka the Cowardly Lion, came to her aid. He is also accompanied by Mr. Boss and Little Daffy who helped rescue her from her harsh sentence. They then immediately high tail it out of Munchkinland before "things get ugly". Eventually Brrr is made the governor of Oz until the long lost Princess Ozma comes of age to take the throne.

Dorothy is finally reunited with Toto whom she thought was dead and the Grimmerie book is used to send them back to San Francisco to see if Aunt Em and Uncle Henry survived the earthquake or not.

Wicked Musical

In the hit Broadway musical version of Maguire's book, also titled Wicked, Dorothy is never seen despite being referred to and talked to on stage. Only a silhouette is seen of a girl behind a screen who's presumed to be her, tossing a bucket of water on Elphaba aka The Wicked Witch of the West.

Dorothy: This Side Of The Rainbow

Dorothy Gale is all grown up in her self-reflective memoir...

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Vincent Begley's Book

Author Vincent Begley wrote a novel based off of the character of Dorothy. It is a Memoir that is written as if she was a real person. =It tells the world about her past, before she lived on the Kansas farm, and what happened after her trip to Oz.

This novel wasn't very successful, but most likely due to the fact it came out around the same time as Gregory Maguire's Wicked, which we all know was a huge success.

WAS (Novel)

WAS is a 1992 adult parallel Oz novel by author Geoff Ryman, in which the magical Land of Oz never existed as a real place. Instead, the novel explores the tragic, but very moving life of "Dorothy Gael" (in this version her last name really is spelled Gael), in 1800's Kansas, whose traumatic experiences with Aunt Emily and Uncle Henry after her mother's death lead her to create an imaginary and idealized world in her mind based on some of her real-life experiences as a way of coping with her harsh reality. ("Was")

Dorothy Must Die!

Dorothy Must Die is a 2014 young adult book by Danielle Paige and her debut novel. It shows a corrupt Dorothy who has usurped control of Oz and is hording all of it's magic for herself with the aid of Glinda and an equally corrupt the Scarecrow, Tin Woodman, and Cowardly Lion. A prequel, No Place like Oz, was released as an Ebook and showed the start of her corruption. At sixteen years old, she has grown tired of her Kansas life and is sent back to Oz via a new pair of red magic shoes made for and given to her by Glinda, an obvious homage to the iconic Ruby slippers. Once there, she becomes addicted to the power of the shoes and overthrows Princess Ozma.

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Book Cover

Dorothy Gale of Broadway

The first musical adaption of Oz was a Avant-Garde version loosely based upon the book and produced by Baum and Denslow (with music by composer Paul Tietjens) in Chicago in 1902 and moved to New York in 1903. Dorothy was portrayed by Theater Actress Anna Laughlin. In this stage version of Oz, many elements were left out due to being impractical for the time. For example: Dorothy does not wear Silver Shoes or any type of magic footwear.

The Wizard of Oz 1902 musical extravaganza Anna Laughlin as Dorothy

Anna Laughlin as Dorothy in the Avant-Garde Stage adaption of Baum's Oz book of 1900.

It used many of the same characters, and was aimed more at adult audiences. It had a long, successful run on Broadway. Baum added numerous political references to the script, mentioning President Theodore Roosevelt, Senator Mark Hanna, and John D. Rockefeller by name. Many existing songs that had nothing to do with the story were interpolated. Baum followed with two additional Oz musicals, The Wogglebug (1905) and The Tik-Tok Man of Oz (1913). Both were panned as rehashes rather than sequels; although Tik-Tok did better than The Wogglebug, neither made it to Broadway.

Judy Of OZ 1939

Judy Garland is Dorothy Gale!


Judy Garland As Dororhy Gale and Terry the female terrier as Toto.

In the year of 1938/1939 Judy Garland was fifteen at the time she portrayed the twelve year old Kansas farm girl who gets swept away to Oz via cyclone. She turned sixteen on the set during the shooting of the movie as she began to develop into a curvy young woman. Despite being technically too old to play Dorothy as Baum intended his character in the book to be a little girl, even as a teenager Judy did portray a very good Dorothy of Kansas that captivated the world for decades to come. With her wide eyed expression of an adolescent girl, Judy was perfect for the role. Thanks to her talented singing voice, she beat many other young actresses for the lead role such as Shirley Temple who was a loyal fan of Baum's Oz books, and was more close to the look and age of Baum's description of Dorothy. Judy was put on a strict diet and even given barbiturate drugs which would lead on to a life long battle of personal demons.

During shooting, Judy was forced to wear a special type of corset under her costume. The corset flattened out her curves by painfully binding her breasts down flat against her chest to make her appear as a twelve year old little girl who was more innocent, underdeveloped and younger than her real life age.

Journey Back to Oz 1974

In this animated little version of the Oz stories, Dorothy is swept back to Oz to find an evil Witch who wants to take over the land and the Emerald City. In this version, she is voiced by none other than Judy Garland's daughter, Liza Minnelli.

In fact, all the characters are voiced by an all star cast such as the voice talents of the late Mickey Rooney and Margaret Hamilton.

Dorothy of The Wiz 1974-78-2008

In a different place, in a different time, different people around me, I would like to know of that different world, and how different they find me. And just what's a Wiz, is he big, will he scare me? If I ask to leave will the Wiz even hear me? How will I know then, if I'll ever get home again?- The Wiz Lyrics (1978)

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Stephanie Mills as an African-American Dorothy in The Wiz (1974)

Dorothy is portrayed by singer and actress Stephanie Mills in 1974. The production was such a success it was nominated for four Tony Awards.
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Diana Ross as an African-American Dorothy in the film version of The Wiz (1978)

Later in the film version the role was given to singer and actress Diana Ross. She was far from Baum's original twelve-year-old Dorothy. And she obviously wasn't sixteen portraying a twelve-year-old like Judy Garland did. Many people bashed her as Dorothy for being far too old to play the childlike character. But if she did not take the role as Dorothy, the film in general most likely would never have been made. It was only when she took interest in the film did the Motown company take interest also. She, being thirty-four at the time, is portrayed to be a shy twenty-four-year-old kindergarten teacher who is lost in life. In this film, Dorothy is scared of the world and has no direction of her future. Her trip to Oz is a late-coming of age story as she faces her fears head-on.
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Ashanti as Dorothy in The Wiz (2008)

In 2008, Broadway held a more urban, modern day musical production of The Wiz that appealed to the African-American community starring pop singer and R&B star Ashanti as Dorothy.

Return to Oz 1985

In 1985, child actress Fairuza Balk would be the next girl in 40 years to wear the iconic Ruby Slippers. Her first film was a television film called The Best Christmas Pageant Ever, directed by George Shaeffer. The next role she was to play was Dorothy in Disney's Return to Oz, now considered an official cult classic. She would later go on to have a raher successful acting career and star in many other films such as The Craft and the Waterboy.

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Fairuza Balk as Dorothy Gale (1985)

Return to Oz is a semi-sequel film to the 1939 musical movie. Fairuza stars as the insomniac and melancholy Dorothy who can't stop thinking about her adventures in Oz and everyone she befriended or encountered there.

The look and feel and tone of Return to Oz was intended to give its audience a more surreal and realistic point of view of the magical Land of Oz and all its inhabitants and characters. Unlike the 1939 film it presented Oz as a real place instead a mere cameo-dream. This take on Oz displayed all of the dark and nightmarish aspects from the Oz books that the musical left out. Its plot was loosely based on Baum's second and third Oz novels The Marvelous Land of Oz, published in 1904 and Ozma of Oz, published in 1907. During its theatrical release in the summer of 1985, it received disastrous reviews by the critics for being too scary and intense for children. Unfortunately it wasn't successful and was considered a flop. But despite its failure to appeal to the public in the 1980s, it has been praised as the most faithful Oz adaptation ever made. It has even gained a huge cult following of fans from all over the world even 30 years after its original making, prooving that it is much more than just a weird children's film.

The Muppets' Wizard of Oz 2005

In circa 2005, Walt Disney made for TV Oz special starring the legendary Muppets!

Dorothy is played by pop star and R&B singer Ashanti. In this version, she is a teenage orphan who works at her Aunt Em's local Kansas diner. But she dreams of a glamorous life of the rich and famous and is eager to leave her small town trailer park existence behind, but only if she can finally get discovered and prove she has true talent.


R&B Singer Ashanti as Dorothy Gale (2005)

After a twister picks up her trailer and takes it to the realm of Oz, she embarks on a quest wearing Manolo Blahnik Silver Shoes in hopes of becoming a superstar and make all her dreams come true.

Syfy's Tinman 2007

In this 2007 Syfy TV miniseries Tinman, Dorothy Gale of 1900 is long dead. But her great granddaughter 'D.G.' is swept away to the Outer Zone aka Oz now in present day and a hundred years later from when the original Dorothy aka the "First Slipper" first arrived. D.G. must find her real family and discover the history of who she truly was and is before Oz is taken over by darker forces more close to home than D. G. realizes.

Starring Zooey Deschanel, Neal McDonough, Alan Cumming, Raoul Trujillo, Kathleen Robertson, and Richard Dreyfuss, the miniseries is a continuation of the classic story The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, with science fiction and additional fantasy elements added. It focuses on the adventures of a small-town waitress named D.G. who is pulled into a magical realm ruled by the tyrannical sorceress Azkadellia. Together with her companions Glitch, Raw, and Cain, DG journeys to uncover her lost memories, find her true parents, and foil Azkadellia's plot to trap the O.Z. in eternal darkness.

Dorothy and the Witches of Oz 2011

In this version, Dorothy is a children's author who moves to New York City to become a successful children's writer only to realize that her stories about Oz are more than just a fragment of her imagination. Dorothy is played by actress Paula Ana Redding.

Legends of Oz-Dorothy's Return 2014

In this CGI animated film, Dorothy is given a more modern look as she trades her iconic blue and white look of gingham for denim overalls of blue and cowboy boots. She is Voiced by actress and singer Lea Mitchell, Dorothy Gale returns to Kansas to find it devastated. Dorothy then finds a new way to get back to the Land of Oz only to discover that her old friends-the Scarecrow, Tin Man, Cowardly Lion-and the entire Land of Oz are all in grave danger. On Dorothy's new journey through Oz, she meets new friends like a china doll princess, a marshmallow man named Marshal Mallow, a large owl named Wiser, and an ancient tree-turned-tugboat named Tugg. With the help of her new friends, they band together against a wicked Jester who wants to control Oz by turning important people into marionettes. This movie is loosely based on the book Dorothy of Oz by Roger S. Baum.

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Legends of Oz 2014!

Once Upon A Time "Kansas" Episode 2014

In the popular ABC TV show, Once Upon A Time, Dorothy Gale gets carried to the land of Oz via cyclone. When she introduces herself, she is thought to be the destined one to fulfill a important part of a prophecy regarding Oz's Witches from the South, West, North and East. Zelena, aka the Wicked Witch of the West, felt threatened from Dorothy's arrival and became jealous of the girl which caused her skin tone to turn green, "green with envy". Later--when Zelena frightened Dorothy with a ball of flaming fire in her hand she tossed a bucket of well water at the Witch to put out the flames, but also melted her. Thinking Zelena was dead, Glinda the Good Witch of the South, took Dorothy to the Emerald City to seek the Wizard who was Zelena in disguise after surviving Dorothy's water attack. Zelena had turned the Wizard into a Flying Monkey to punish him for his dishonest ways.

Disguised as the Wizard, Zelena also gave Dorothy the magic Silver Shoes, and told Dorothy to click the heels of the shoes together three times to be teleported back home and to get her out of the picture.

That's 70's Show-Tornado Prom Episode

In the popular TV Sitcom That's 70's show, the conceited and vain Jackie Burkeart has a dream on her Prom night which happens to be on the night a Tornado hits the Wisconsin town. Jackie dreams that she is Dorothy Gale with her stuffed animal Unicorn as Toto. Her look is based off of the 1900 illustrations by W. W Denslow from the original book by Baum.

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (Barnyard Studios)

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Dorothy and Toto in Barnyard Studio's The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.

An independent and yet faithful adaption of Baum's envision of Oz. In this version Dorothy Gale is played by child actress Mariellen Kemp who's appearance as Dorothy stays extremely loyal to Baum's original character as well as all the other characters in this production of the 1900 book.

In Comic Literature

Marvel Comics...

The Classic American Fantasy Adventure gets the Merry Marvel treatment! Eisner Award-winning writer/artist Eric Shanower (Age of Bronze) teams up with fan-favorite artist Skottie Young (New X-Men) to breathe new life into L. Frank Baum's beloved story.

When Kansas farm girl Dorothy Gale and her pet dog Toto are swept away to the magical Land of Oz in a cyclone, she fatally flattens a Wicked Witch, liberates a talking Scarecrow, a man made of tin, a scaredy-cat Lion and is hailed by the Ozians as a great sorceress! But all Dorothy really wants to know is: how does she get back home again...?

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A sketch of Dorothy Gale in the Marvel Comic by Skottie Young.

Lost Girls...

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Lost Girls

Lost Girls is a graphic novel of erotic literature depicting the sexually explicit adventures of three important female fictional characters of the late 19th and early 20th century: Alice from Alice's Adventures in Wonderland Dorothy Gale from The Wizard of Oz and Wendy Darling from Peter Pan. They meet as adults in 1913 and describe and share some of their erotic adventures with each other. The story is written by Alan Moore and Illustrated by Melinda Gebbie.

In writer Alan Moore's book titled Lost Girls, while trapped in her house during a cyclone, Dorothy Gale begins masturbating and experiences her first orgasm at the age of sixteen.

Dorothy survives the cyclone and later she has sexual encounters with three Kansas farm hands. Throughout most of the story, she refers to her "aunt" and "uncle", whom she later admits were her step-mother and step-father, who discover her affairs with the farmhands. Her step-father takes her to New York City, (a metaphor of Emerald City) under the pretense of seeking psychological help from a therapist. (Who is a metaphor for the Wizard), But on their way he has sex with Dorothy repeatedly. Dorothy feels guilty of destroying her father's marriage, (a metaphor for destroying the Wicked Witch) and runs away forever to travel the world and find a home. (A metaphor for "Theres No Place Like Home").


Oz Squad

Dorothy with the rest of the Oz Squad

Dorothy, now an adult years after her childhood adventures, has returned to the United States with her friends, the Scarecrow, Tin Woodman and Cowardly Lion. Unfortunately, some of their old enemies have returned as well, including the Wicked Witch of the East, now known as Rebecca Eastwich. (Oz Squad)

During this era, Dorothy has a son with Ozma, who they name Ozzy. (Oz Squad: March of the Tin Soldiers)

A Gothic Dorothy...

Dorothy comic

Dorothy is a jaded teenager who get swept with her car to the Land of Oz. There, she meets a robotic dog named Toto, as well as her other companions. (Dorothy)

The Twisted Land of Oz (Spawn-Toys)

The Land of Oz gets pretty Twisted...

In a very dark and grim story, this adult and gothic version of The Wizard of Oz is indeed a twisted one. Dorothy is portrayed as a very innocent orphan who is also a fully developed yet sexually frustrated young girl in her late teens who is swept away to the land of Oz, a mysterious and psychotic realm of dark entities, sexual slavery, rape, mutant creatures and tortured souls.


  • In Doctor Who, the seventh Doctor's companion, Dorothy Gale McShane (nicknamed "Ace") was named after Dorothy. Furthermore, like how a storm had sent the latter to the Land of Oz, a time storm sent Ace to an alien planet.

Oz Gallery

The Many Faces Of Dorothy...


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