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Dorothy Gale

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"I am Dorothy Gale from Kansas..."
―Dorothy Gale (1900)
"...somewhere over the Rainbow, way up high, there's a land that I've heard of once in a lullaby..."
―Dorothy Gale (1939)

A Kansas cyclone she was brought, now wearing Magic Slippers she does trot, down the winding yellow road, to the Emerald City she shall go. And with her dog so small and true, Munchkins hope she fairs well yes they do. To see the Wizard from yonder glen, please wish her luck till journey's end.

"There's no place like home..."
―Dorothy Gale
Dorothy Gale
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*Dorothy Gale of sepia-Kansas* 1900

Title Dorothy Gale of Kansas/Wicked Witch Destroyer/Princess Dorothy of Oz
Gender Female Child
Species Adolescent Human
Origin Kansas, farm/United States of America
Residence Kansas (former)
Royal Palace of Oz, Land of Oz (current)
Affiliation L. Frank Baum, Uncle Henry, Aunt Em, Toto, Cyclone, Zeb Hugson, Rainbow, Land of Oz, Santa Claus, Glinda, Wizard, Princess Ozma, Good Witch of the North, Munchkins, Wicked Witch of the East, Boq, Scarecrow, Tin Woodman, Cowardly Lion, Guardian of the Gates, Soldier with the Green Whiskers, Jellia Jamb, Wicked Witch of the West, Winged Monkeys, Billina, Shaggy Man, Polychrome, Eureka, Gump, Jack Pumpkinhead, Trot, Button Bright, Betsy Bobbin, Patchwork Girl, Nome King, Princess Langwidere, Wogglebug, Silver Shoes, Ruby Slippers, Golden Cap, Yellow Brick Road, Kalidahs, Poppies, Fighting Trees, China Country, Hammer-Heads, Magic Picture, Deadly Desert, Wheelers, Land of Ev, Magic Belt, Return to Oz, Wicked
First Appearance The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)

"Dorothy lived in the midst of the great Kansas prairies, with her Uncle Henry who was a farmer, and her Aunt Em, who was the farmer's wife."
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)
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Dorothy and Toto in sepia-Kansas (1900)

"...some place where there isn't any trouble? Do you suppose there is such a place, Toto? There must be. It's not a place you can get to by a boat or a train, it's far, far away, behind the moon, beyond the rain..."
―Dorothy Gale (1939)

Dorothy Gale is a fictional character created by L. Frank Baum, author and creator of the Oz Legacy. She is the child protagonist and heroine of Baum's first Oz book, which is considered to be one of the first American Fairytales written titled: The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, published in 1900. The story opens up with chapter one which is titled The Cyclone, Dorothy is introduced in the first sentence of the book.

" wasn't a Dream. It was a place. And you and you and you...and you were there! But you couldn't have been could you? No, Aunt Em, this was a real truly live place and I remember some of it wasn't very nice, but most of it was beautiful--but just the same all I kept saying to everybody was "I want to go home," and they sent me home! Doesn't anybody believe me? "
―Dorothy Gale (1939)

Goddess of Gifts

  • Dorothys' name means God's gift /Goddess of gifts. She was born before the 20th century and her official Birthday is June 10th of an unknown year. Her Zodiac sign would be Gemini.

Dorothy was not the first Dorothy of L. Frank Baum's work. In Baum's first children's book Mother Goose In Prose, published in 1897 there is also another Dorothy who later would be unofficially identified as Dorothy Gale in Baum's Oz book. The name of Dorothy in general was also a very popular name at the time and many fictional characters were being given it. Such as Charles E. Carryl's Fairytale titled The Admiral's Caravan, published in 1891. Despite this fact, Baum later insisted that he did not base the character of Dorothy Gale on anyone in particular.

Once Upon A Time In Kansas...

It is the last days of the old west; the nineteenth century nears its end, Dorothy Gale is an adolescent orphan from Kansas. Here in the heart of America, Dorothy lives with her Uncle Henry who's a farmer, and her Aunt Em the farmer's wife. Dorothy's only friend and companion is a small black dog whom she calls Toto and loves dearly. There they all reside on a poor and desolate farm, isolated in the middle of nowhere. Their home is a one room tiny cabin farmhouse built on the prairie that is consumed by poverty and drought. Just when it seems that things can’t get any worse for the Gales, a strom hits the farmland and brings a monstrous cyclone with it. While aloft in the farmhouse the winds of this storm carry Dorothy and Toto away to the undiscovered and magical Land of Oz. Oz is an enchanted and uncivilized realm filled with magic. It is also populated by strange creatures, fierce beast, deadly plants and friendly little people who live under the rule of Sorcerers and Witches both good and bad.

When the cyclone set the house down again, it also accidentally killed the Wicked Witch of the East in the process. And Dorothy became the new owner of her charmed Silver Shoes. (Ruby Slippers in the movie)

To Dorothy's dismay, the first Witch she encounters, the Good Witch of the North, lacks the power to send Dorothy and Toto home,. The only one powerful and mighty enough to help Dorothy is the great Wizard who is the dominant ruler of Oz. So the girl and her dog are forced to embark on an epic adventure to Oz's imperial Capital aka the Emerald City, where the Wizard dwells. However, no one knows that the Wizard has a shocking secret to protect, and to do so he will send Dorothy to prove herself worthy of his help and kill Oz's most dreaded figure known as the Wicked Witch of the West, or die trying.

"Oh, but anyway, Toto, we're home – home! And this is my room – and you're all here – and I'm not going to leave here ever, ever again, because I love you all! And... oh, Auntie Em, there's no place like home! "
―Dorothy Gale (1939)

Blame it on Toto!

"Toto jumped out of Dorothy's arms and hid under the bed, and the girl started to get him. Aunt Em, badly frightened, threw open the trap door in the floor and climbed down the ladder into the small, dark hole. Dorothy caught Toto at last and started to follow her aunt. When she was halfway across the room there came a great shriek from the wind, and the house shook so hard that she lost her footing and sat down suddenly upon the floor. Then a strange thing happened. The house whirled around two or three times and rose slowly through the air. Dorothy felt as if she were going up in a balloon."
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)
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Dorothy catches Toto while up inside the middle of the cyclone. 1900

Toto is actually the one to be blamed as to why Dorothy and him were swept away to Oz in the first place. If h hadn't scrambled under her bed to escape the horrid sound of the fierce cyclone that hit the Kansas farm, then she would have been fast enough to reach the storm cellar in time and found safety with her family. Yet life would have went on as it always did.

If it we're not for Toto, Dorothy would have never known the huge gap that would have been left in her life. As she'd remain just another orphaned country girl. And to think, a world with no Dorothy, no Land of Oz? Blasphemy!

So, Thank you Toto!

"Inside the cyclone the house rocked back and forth, like a babies cradle. Toto did not like it. He ran about the room, now here, now there, barking loudly; but Dorothy sat quite still on the floor and waited to see what would happen. Once Toto got too near the open trap door, and fell in; and at first the little girl thought she had lost him. But soon she saw one of his ears sticking up through the hole, for the strong pressure of the air was keeping him up so that he could not fall. She crept to the hole, caught Toto by the ear, and dragged him into the room again, afterward closing the trap door so that no more accidents could happen. "
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)

{The Wonderful Wizard of Oz-1900}

Detailed Condensed Summary of Baum's Story From 1900...

Dorothy Gale was a little orphan girl who lived in the midst of the great Kansas prairies with her Uncle Henry, who was a farmer and Aunt Em, his wife. Everything around was grey, lifeless and colorless. Not a tree, flower, river, or building could be seen on either side of the flat Kansas fields. Uncle Henry and Aunt Em lived on a poor farm and their home was a small one room farm-house they shared with their niece. Dorothy didn't have any friends and her only companion was her little pet dog, Toto. And he kept her full of life and laughter and stopped her from turning as boring and dull as her surroundings.

One day, a very strong storm came to Kansas and brought a monstrous cyclone with it. Dorothy and Toto didn't make it safe to the cellar in time so when the cyclone wind finally swooped up the farmhouse with Dorothy and Toto aloft, they both were carried high up into the atmosphere and far, far away until eventually they were brought to the magical Land of Oz.

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Dorothy and Toto take a nap while the cyclone carries the sepia-Kansas farmhouse to Oz. Illustrated by W. W. Denslow (1900).

When the cyclone set the farmhouse down again, it accidentally landed on the Wicked Witch of the East, killing her. Nothing of the Wicked Witch was left other than her two feet sticking out from up under the farmhouse, shod in pretty Silver Shoes with pointed toes.

Dorothy was greeted by the friendly blue Munchkins who inhabited the east country. The Munchkins also were accompanied by their good friend, the Good Witch of the North, who ruled over the purple Gillikins. She and the Munchkins thanked Dorothy for freeing them from the Wicked Witch's bondage and declared her a hero and a great sorceress.

Dorothy's greatest concern was to get back to her Uncle and Aunt as soon as possible. And the Good Witch explained to Dorothy that the land of Oz was surrounded by a vast Deadly Desert, that was too dangerous to cross. Therefore only the Great Oz was powerful enough to use his great magic on her to send her back to her home-land. Then the Good Witch gave Dorothy the dead Wicked Witch's pretty Silver Shoes that also held a magical yet mysterious charm inside of them. Yet what magic the shoes possessed, no one knew. Despite the pair's mystery, the shoes now rightfully belonged to Dorothy to wear. So the Good Witch kissed Dorothy on the forehead for protection and good luck and the Munchkins wished her a happy journey. With that, Dorothy set out along the Yellow Brick Road, embarking on an epic quest that lead to the wonderful Emerald City, which was at the center of the land, to see the wonderful Wizard who lived there. The Munchkins threw a great celebration throughout Munchkin Country. And while passing by Dorothy was invited to attend a lavish banquet held by the richest Munchkin named Boq. Dorothy ate delicious foods and spent the night there.

In the morning, Dorothy set out along the yellow brick road again and along the way she met a talking Scarecrow in a cornfield, who wanted a brain, a rusted Tin Woodman in the woods who desired a heart. And last but not least the Cowardly Lion in the dark forest who longed for courage. Dorothy invited all three of them to come along with her and Toto to see the Wizard, and they all quickly became good friends forever more.

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Dont you dare bite Toto!

The group of comrades spent several days of having many amazing adventures throughout Oz. After facing dangerous and bizarre obstacles, such as encountering the beast known as Kalidahs, escaping the field of Deadly Poppies and meeting a talking Stork bird and the Queen of the Field Mice, Dorothy and her companions made it to the glorious emerald studded gates of the Emerald City of Oz at last.

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The Emerald City of Oz! Illustrated by W. W. Denslow (1900).

However, before they were all allowed to enter the city, the Guardian of the Gates adorned them with green glass-spectacles by the Wizard's policy, to protect their eyes from being blinded by the glory and shine of the splendid city inside. Then the Soldier with the Green Whiskers escorted Dorothy and her friends to the Royal Palace of Oz where the Wizard lived.

The Wizard didn't allow anyone an audience, but thanks to Dorothy's charmed Silver Shoes, the Wizard became interested and agreed to see the guests and made an exception for the party of Dorothy. Oz was also a great shape shifter, who would only see them one at a time. Dorothy was the first to enter Oz's chamber to speak with Oz, and appearing to her as a giant green head floating in the air above a magnificent jeweled emerald throne, Oz was intrigued by her story but also commanded Dorothy to destroy the Wicked Witch of the West who ruled over the yellow Winkies. That is if she wanted him to send her home of course. And to prove herself worthy of his magic powers.

Then the Wizard told the Scarecrow, Tin Woodman and Cowardly Lion to help Dorothy kill the Witch if they wanted their wishes granted also. So Dorothy, Toto and her three friends left Emerald City to set out in search of the Wicked Witch. The Witch saw with her one powerful eye that the group was coming. So the Witch sent out her pack of Killer Wolves, Killer Bee's and her Killer crows to stop and kill the travelers. But Dorothy and her friends defeated her attempts each time. So finally the Wicked Witch had Dorothy, Toto and the Lion captured by her band of Winged Monkeys who were slaves of the Golden Cap that the Witch owned. The Lion was kept harnessed in the castle courtyard and Dorothy was imprisoned in the Witch's yellow castle as her personal slave. Dorothy worked very hard in her castle and was glad the Wicked Witch had chosen not to kill her or her dog. One day, the Witch tried to trick Dorothy in hopes to steal Dorothy's Silver Shoes to use the pair's magic for her own Wicked use. However, in self-defense, Dorothy tossed a bucket of water at the power-hungry Wicked Witch. Because the Witch was allergic to water she quickly melted away like brown sugar. Thus, ridding Oz of it's most dreaded Wicked Witches. Dorothy and her friends reunited and anxiously returned to the Emerald City to claim the rewards and prizes as they were promised.

But there they all discovered the shocking truth, the Wizard wasn't one at all, but a humbug. He was a little old man by the name of Oscar Diggs who was a skilled illusionist, ventriloquist, and magician at a traveling carnival before coming to Oz long, long ago. He apologized for his dishonesty and promised to make it up to Dorothy if they kept the truth of his humbug ways a safe secret. He tried to take Dorothy home in the same hot air balloon that he arrived to Oz in. But it departed too soon and floated away while Dorothy was looking for Toto, who went chasing after a kitten in the city streets.

Dorothy and her companions then traveled out to the country of the red Quadlings to find the beautiful enchantress Glinda, the Good Witch of the South. And after a set of several more adventures such as encountering Fighting Trees, crossing over the mountain of the Hammer-Heads and traveling through the Dainty China Country, they all arrived at her ruby red palace. There Glinda sat in her chamber upon her ruby throne. Dorothy told Glinda her long story, all about the Kansas cyclone and about the Wicked Witches. Then Glinda, who was a wise Witch, kindly informed Dorothy about the secret charm of the Silver Shoes she had been wearing since her arrival in Oz. The secret was to knock the heels of the shoes together three times and command them to take you wherever you wished to go and the shoes would transport the wearer to that place within three seconds. Dorothy thanked Glinda for her help, and after a tearful goodbye to her three friends, Dorothy did as she was instructed. The shoes allowed her and Toto to return safely home to Kansas, back with Aunt Em. And Uncle Henry even had built a brand new farmhouse to replace the old one the cyclone had carried away.

Dorothy was glad she and Toto were finally home where they belonged. The Silver Shoes however, fell off of Dorothy's feet on her magical flight back and were lost forever in a Deadly Desert.

"Aunt Em had just come out of the house to water the cabbages when she looked up and saw Dorothy running toward her. My darling child!" she cried, folding the little girl in her arms and covering her face with kisses. "Where in the world did you come from?" "From the Land of Oz," said Dorothy gravely. "And here is Toto, too. And oh, Aunt Em! I'm so glad to be at home again! "
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)

The End

  • After Dorothys' departure, the Scarecrow temporarily became the King of Oz to rule over the Emerald City, before the long-lost Princess Ozma would eventually be found later on. And the Tin Woodman became the monarch emperor to rule the Winkie Country, to take the place of the Wicked Witch of the West and the Winkies gladly built him a tin castle to live in. And the Cowardly Lion became King of all beast and went to live in the rainforests and jungles of Oz to rule over the animal kingdom. It is later said in the sequel Oz books by Baum that the Cowardly Lion would become good pals with Oz's Hungry Tiger.

The Return of Dorothy: How Dorothy Gale Became A Princess of Oz

Dorothy made three more trips to the magical Land of Oz between being sent home and coming to reside there permanently. On each trip, Dorothy arrived at a separate fairy country before visiting Oz proper.

  • Dorothy is brought back into the Oz stories in L. Frank Baum's third Oz book titled 'Ozma of Oz', published in 1907.

Dorothy and Uncle Henry went on a sea voyage to Australia to visit relatives. Aunt Em and Toto stayed in Kansas to look after the farm. While sailing, a fierce storm came that carries strong winds, rain, and lightning. Thus, tossing the little ship over the waves, Dorothy and a yellow hen named Billina were thrown overboard and cast into the sea. Both took refuge safe inside a wooden chicken coop that was afloat nearby, resulting in them drifting far off and washing up upon the shores of Ev, another fairy country located on the same continent as Oz, but separated from it by the Deadly Desert.

Dorothy and Billina found trees growing dinner pails, narrowly escaped the bad-mannered Wheelers, and met Tik-Tok, a mechanical man made of copper who runs on clockwork. The trio visited the vain Princess Langwidere, who imprisoned them. They were rescued by Princess Ozma, the new Queen of Oz, who crossed the Deadly Desert via Magic Carpet to rescue the Royal Family of Ev, who have been enslaved by the wicked Nome King. Accompanying Ozma was the Scarecrow and Tin Woodman from the first story. They recognize their old friend Dorothy, rescued her from the captivity of Langwidere and brought her back to Oz to reunite. Dorothy and Ozma became best friends, and Ozma even invited Dorothy to live a comfortable life of luxury in Oz permanently with her as a Princess in the Royal Palace of Oz in of the Emerald City. (Ozma of Oz)

"Dorothy dressed herself in a long pretty sky-blue gown of rich silk, trimmed with a string of real pearls. The buckles of her satin shoes were also outlined with real pearls mixed with sparkling sasphires, and more of these priceless gems were on a lovely silver coronet which she wore upon her forehead. “For,” said her friend Ozma, “from this time forth, my dear, you must assume your rightful rank as a Princess of Oz, and being my chosen companion you must dress in a way befitting the dignity of your position. "
The Emerald City of Oz.

After Dorothy was transported to Australia and reunited with Uncle Henry, they went on to California, accompanied by Eureka, a white kitten they had found. She met her cousin, Zeb Hugson, and his horse, Jim. On the way to Hugson's Ranch they were swallowed up by an earthquake and eventually came down in the Land of the Mangaboos, where Dorothy was reunited with the Wizard of Oz. The Mangaboos evicted them from their country. The travelers went on a subterranean journey through the Valley of Voe, met the Braided Man on Pyramid Mountain, were briefly imprisoned by Gargoyles, and encountered a cavern full of Dragonettes. Eventually they came to a dead-end cavern, so Dorothy signaled Ozma to use the Magic Belt to bring them to Oz. After staying there a few days, Dorothy, Zeb, and their animals decided to return to California. (Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz)

Some time later, in August, the Shaggy Man appeared at Dorothy's home, asking for directions to Butterfield. Dorothy agreed to show him the way, with Toto accompanying them (for the first time since the first book) but after a short time they found themselves lost in some unknown fairyland. They met Button-Bright and Polychrome, and eventually passed through Foxville, where King Dox told them that Ozma's birthday party was in a few days. The travelers then passed through Dunkiton, met Allegro da Capo, escaped from the Scoodlers, and crossed the Deadly Desert in a boat built by Johnny Dooit. Arriving in the Land of Oz, the travelers attended Ozma's birthday party, after which Dorothy was returned home. The Road to Oz)

At first, Uncle Henry and Aunt Em did not believe Dorothy and her strange tales about Oz and its unforgettable inhabitants. However when they were facing foreclosure on the Kansas farm, Dorothy visited Oz and went straight to Princess Ozma for advice. That's when Ozma suggested that they all move to Oz. Uncle Henry and Aunt Em live in Oz with their niece now and are considered aristocrats of Oz under the royal reign of Ozma. Unlike Dorothy and Toto, Uncle Henry and Aunt Em live in a simple humble existence (for Oz at least) in a home on the outskirts of the Emerald City, as they are not used to city life. Nor do they feel at home surrounded by the beauty and extravagance the city beholds. They both feel more at ease with a smaller confinement, closer to the country life they were so used to living for many years, while living in plain old Kansas. (The Emerald City of Oz)

Baum's Character Inspiration

Many Historians believe that Baum's original influence on the creation of Oz's "Dorothy" appears to be the Alice of English author Lewis Carroll's 'Wonderland' and 'Looking Glass' books. It is highly possible that Baum took some of the personality traits of Alice and morphed them into his own. He ultimately Americanized the character who would become known as Dorothy.

The name of Dorothy was most likely chosen in homage to Baum's own real-life niece, 'Dorothy Louise Gage', who died in infancy. Baum's wife was very attached to her and was deeply grieved by her death, so there is speculation that Baum inserted her name into his stories as a memorial. Elements of Dorothy Gale's character are possibly derived from 'Matilda Joslyn Gage', Dorothy's grandmother. Dorothy Gage is buried in Evergreen Cemetery in Bloomington, Illinois.

Lee Sandlin, writes that L. Frank Baum read a disaster report of a tornado in Irving, Kansas, in May 1879 which included the name of a victim, Dorothy Gale, who was "found buried face down in a mud puddle." The fictional Dorothy's last name is never mentioned in 'The Wonderful Wizard of Oz' (1900) or 'The Marvelous Land of Oz' (1904), which are the first two Oz books, Marvelous being Wonderful's sequel.

Gale is finally disclosed in the third book by Baum in the story of 'Ozma of Oz' (1907).

Age of Dorothy Gale:

"While Dorothy stood looking eagerly at the strange and beautiful sights, she noticed coming toward her a group of the queerest people she had ever seen. They were not as big as the grown folk she had always been used to; but neither were they very small. In fact, they seemed about as tall as Dorothy, who was a well-grown child for her age..."
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)

Dorothy Gale is just like any other little country girl of her time, ordinary, average, and a well-grown child for her age. She is an all American girl who has been brought up and raised in the heart of America. Her exact age is never given in the original book, and is not given in any of the sequel Oz books that were written by L. Frank Baum himself for that matter. Despite this mystery, Dorothy's official Birthday is said to be June 10th and she was born before the twentieth century of an unknown year. But it does hint how old Dorothy might be, Baum does clearly state that Dorothy is just a mere child. A "little girl" from Kansas, not a teenager nor young adult. So, her character is no older than twelve being that she most likely has not reached her teen years. In Baum's later Oz novel, 'The Lost Princess of Oz', it is stated that the character Betsy Bobbin is one year older than Dorothy, and the character Trot is a year younger. Then in 'The Giant Horse of Oz', it states that Trot is ten years old. That would make Dorothy Gale exactly eleven.

Dorothy of 1939...

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Judy reads The Wizard of Oz.

In the iconic MGM film of 1939, the legendary actress and singer, the late Judy Garland was made to be twelve when she portrayed the character of Dorothy Gale. Her age is never mentioned in the movie but her age on the set was twelve. Garland herself was sixteen at the time the movie was made. Therefore she wore a special custom made corset under her costume dress that painfully bound her bosom and curves flat to give her a much more undeveloped, youthful appearance. Despite Judy being technically too old for the part of Dorothy, she does successfully portray the innocence of a very young lady who just wants to go home. Dorothy's desire to get back to her adult guardians is believable which makes her character work regardless of the age gape.

Dorothy of 1985... In Disney's 1985 live-action fantasy film Return to Oz, which intended to be much more loyal to the original Oz books and stayed faithful to Baum's source material. Dorothy was played by child actress Fairuza Balk who was ten during filming. She definitely was no Judy Garland, but Fairuza was indeed more closer to what Baum most likely envisioned her to be look wise. Fairuza's long dark pigtails and somber blue-green eyes are uncanny to W. W. Denslow's original illustration of Dorothy from the book of 1900.

Wicked Years... In Gregory Maguire's Oz spin off series of the Wicked years, Dorothy is ten when she first arrives to Oz and sixteen when she finally returns in Out of Oz which is the last book of the series.

In the 2014 CGI movie [[Legends of Oz, Dorothy's Return, the character of Dorothy is voiced by actress Lea Michelle. Dorothy in this film appears to be any where from 10 to 12.

  • The Land of Oz in general is enchanted with immortality by Princess Ozma, nobody has to die or age if they do not wish to. Dorothy lives in Oz as a Princess now. So overall, Dorothy Gale is probably going to remain closely around being ten, eleven or twelve years in age. No older, no younger.


"Dorothy had only one other dress, but that happened to be clean and was hanging on a peg beside her bed. It was gingham, with checks of white and blue; and although the blue was somewhat faded with many washings, it was still a pretty frock. The girl washed herself carefully, dressed herself in the clean gingham, and tied her pink sunbonnet on her head. She took a little basket and filled it with bread from the cupboard, laying a white cloth over the top. Then she looked down at her feet and noticed how old and worn her shoes were. “They surely will never do for a long journey, Toto,” she said. And Toto looked up into her face with his little black eyes and wagged his tail to show he knew what she meant."
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)
"At that moment Dorothy saw lying on the table the Silver Shoes that had belonged to the Wicked Witch of the East..."
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)

Baum describes Dorothy to have a merry laugh, chubby little hands, big earnest eyes filled with awe, and a round rousy face that is slightly sunburnt from living on the hot prairies of Kansas. Dorothy was first originally illustrated by W. W. Denslow to appear to be a chubby six to twelve-year-old with her darkish hair styled in her trademark braided pigtails that are braided and untied, being allowed to naturally fall freely into place. She is seen wearing her iconic gingham dress of faded blue and white checks shod in her charmed Silver Shoes with pointed toes.

In the rest of the Oz books by Baum, the characters including Dorothy herself, are all drawn by john R. Neill and she is illustrated to be a thin, ten to twelve year old who has short blonde hair styled in a bob.

Neill's Dorothy also appeared to be a fashion forward young lady for her time, having good taste in clothing despite being a poor country farm girl. In the books, it is suggested that Dorothy matured and developed a fashion sense since her first trip to Oz. As it would be nearly four years until Baum would allow Dorothy to return to that magic land.

Neill's Dorothy was illustrated wearing pretty dresses and fancy hats or oversized bows in her hair. And usually seen in dress-shoes and sometimes even carrying a fan and parasol to cool off with, or shade herself while in the hot sun. In Baum's later Oz books that served as sequels to the original book of (1900), John R. Neill paid homage to W. W. Denslow's illustration of Dorothy Gale and Toto, specifically in Baum's fifth Oz novel 'The Road to Oz' (1909).

  • Oz writer and illustrator Eric Shanower would later go on to base his own version of his Oz books, and comics on Neill's illustrations. His Dorothy also is shown to have short blonde hair, unbraided, in a short bob.

Three Times A Charm: The Silver Shoes! Not Ruby Slippers After All***

Main Article: Silver Shoes for further detailed information.
  • Baum's original character of Dorothy Gale, wore shoes of SILVER!!!!
"Dorothy looked in the direction the woman pointed her wand at, and she gave a little cry of fright. There, indeed, just under the corner of the great beam the farmhouse rested on, two stocking feet were sticking out, shod in Silver Shoes with pointed toes! "
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)
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The house began to pitch, the kitchen took a slitch, it landed on a Wicked Witch, in the middle of a ditch!

"The Silver Shoes," said the Good Witch, "have wonderful powers. And one of the most curious things about them is that they can carry you to any place in the world in three steps, and each step will be made in the wink of an eye. All you have to do is to knock the heels together three times and command the shoes to carry you wherever you wish to go." "
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)

In the original story of 1900, Dorothy Gale's charmed footwear which she used to send her and Toto home again at the very end of the adventure in Oz, were NOT made out of red-rubies or red sequins. In fact, the shoes were not red at all, but actually made of real solid silver with arabian/dutch style pointed toes. The only thing the Ruby Slippers and the Silver Shoes both have in common is that they were once owned by the Wicked Witch of the East and will automatically take it's wearer wherever they wish to go by clicking the heels together three times and commanding the pair to teleport them to their desired destination. The shoes will then take three fast steps so sudden, they transport the wearer in three seconds from point A to point B.

Since the Shoes are an element of which are enchanted, the pair must stay were they belong. When leaving Oz the shoes are stripped of the magic they hold inside. This explains why Dorothy lost them on her flight home again when the shoes carried her over the Deadly Desert, as the shoes magic will not work in a civilized place such as Kansas we're magic no longer exists.

The Silver Shoes are the first magical item introduced in the Oz stories. Other charmed items are placed into the plot of the book, for example: the magic Golden Cap. And even in Baum's other continuing Oz novels such as enchanted belts, whistles, keys, the Magic Picture and most notably the magic Powder of Life.

Dorothy Gale's Pets

  • Toto the "eventually" talking dog.

After moving to Oz permanently, it is revealed that Toto had the ability to talk. In fact, since Oz in general is a fantasy land filled with fairy magic, Toto had the ability to speak the entire time, even in 'The Wonderful Wizard of Oz'. When he came to Oz the first time while aloft in the Kansas cyclone with his mistress Dorothy when the farmhouse landed on the Wicked Witch of the East. Yet Toto simply prefers to only bark as he is so used to using barking as his way of communicating instead of speaking actual words or sentences like all the other animals in Oz, he also chose not to talk so that he didn't lead on. Thus gaining valuable information from those who did not think he was listening.

Billina was introduced in Baum's third Oz book titled 'Ozma of Oz' (1909). She is a yellow hen tossed overboard in a storm when Uncle Henry is traveling overseas to visit relatives in Australia while accompanied by his niece Dorothy Gale. Dorothy was also thrown overboard when the storm hit the sea, and she along with Billina found refuge in a chicken coop which took them to Ev.

Billina is Dorothy's animal companion for this adventure, the role that Toto the dog serves in the first Oz book. She is portrayed as a very spunky, talkative chicken, Billina was originally named Bill because, she tells Dorothy, "no one could tell whether I was going to be a hen or a rooster". Dorothy insists on changing the hen's name to a feminine form. Billina endures several scares with the Kansas farm girl before they defeat the Nome King as only a hen can as Nomes are poisonous to eggs, as the Wicked Witch of the West was to water. At the end of the novel, Billina chooses to stay in Oz permanently and settles in the Royal Palace of Oz within the Emerald City, which is under Princess Ozma's Royal-Reign. Billina gives births to multiple baby hens whom she names the boys all 'Daniel', and the girls all Dorothy in Dorothy Gale's honor.

  • Eureka the Pink and purple Kitten

Eureka is a beautiful female kitten of all white who was originally a stray. She was found by Dorothy Gale's Uncle Henry, that he gave to her telling his niece that the name means "I have found it!" She is introduced in Baums forth Oz novel 'Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz' (1910)

Dorothy carries Eureka in a small cage on a train with her to San Francisco to visit her relatives on Hugson farm. While riding with Bill Hugson's nephew Zeb Hugson, an earthquake opens a large chasm in the ground, and Eureka falls in the earths bowels and straight into another dimension with Dorothy, her cousin Zeb, and Jim the Cab-Horse into the land of the Mangaboos. There, all the people consist of vegetable. With vegetable bodies and vegetable surroundings. The strange lights in the Magaboos' magic carven make Eureka appear to be pinkish-purple. Thus staining her permanently.

  • Speckles the Kansas chicken

Speckles is just an ordinary hen on Uncle Henry's farm. Not much is known about her except that she hatched a new brood of chickens.

Brains, Heart & Courage: Character Analysis of Dorothy Gale

"If Dorothy would only be contented to live in the Emerald City," continued the Scarecrow, "we might all be happy together." "But I don't want to live here," cried Dorothy. "I want to go to Kansas, and live with Aunt Em and Uncle Henry! "
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)
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Dorothy Toto and their three comrades travel to the Emerald City. Illustrated by W. W. Denslow 1900

Specifically before her arrival in Oz, Dorothy Gale leads an isolated life that is focused on her dog Toto and on her hard working Uncle Henry, a seemingly very poor farmer. And her Aunt Em, a submitting housewife. Dorothy is therefore somewhat of a strict homebody, who never leaves nor has ventured off of the Kansas prairies. Nevertheless she interacts in a civil manner, and generously and honestly with others despite her isolated lifestyle. Dorothy has a tendency to focus on pressing matters, but has the patience to hold onto her dreams and is determined to make them come true. She cares about family and friends and is loyal to both, such as her Oz friends and Toto. Dorothy Gale is the very essence of the young at heart, especially Americans and represents the child like quality of the child in us all.

Dorothy also finds the good in everything, and continued believing in herself as well as others. Dorothy remains positive, humble, being usually sweet tempered. She is an optimistic dreamer, like her dead mother, and Aunt Em has suggested that the Fairies marked her soul at birth, since she has been protected and unharmed in all of her amazing and dangerous adventures through many strange and bizarre places. Dorothy symbolizes the Spiritual Orphan. She differs from other female protagonist in European culture and other Fairytales because she does not need a prince or a man to rescue her. She was an all American girl longing for something other than the boring routine of farm life in Kansas. Unlike Judy Garland's portrayal as Dorothy in 1939, she is much more independent and braver in Baum's book.

Even after becoming a official Princess of Oz, Dorothy remained unspoiled and un materialistic by all of the lavish riches surrounding her in the Royal Palace of Oz.

Dorothy is known to never looks anyone or thing over. This is how she became friends with the Scarecrow, seeing him wink at her as she was passing by, she saw him as more than just a sack of straw and saving him from his bleak existence in the cornfield. Dorothy saw the Tin Woodman, more than just a rusted piece of tin deep in the woods, and saved him also. And Dorothy even saw the Cowardly Lion being so much more than a mere coward. Dorothy saw the brains, heart and courage in all three of her Oz friends, even though they could not see it in themselves.

And just like her three friends, Dorothy is smart, loving and brave.


In the original book, when Dorothy set out on her journey to see the Wizard, she was smart enough to fill her basket with bread and butter from the cupboard of her house to keep her and Toto fed on the way to the Emerald City. And when she had defeated the Wicked Witch of the West, she took the Witch's magic Golden Cap as she believed it may come in handy. The cap also let it's wearer command the Winged Monkeys. The Winged Monkey we're all obliged to obey their masters orders three times and three times only. Dorothy was smart enough to speak the Cap's charm and ask the Winged Monkey to fly her back home to Kansas. But to her dismay, the Monkeys were unable to cross over the Deadly Desert that surrounded the land and could not leave the realm of Oz, even if they desired to do so. Magical creatures cannot live in the realms of civilized countries or lands such as Kansas. This resulted in Dorothy having to travel to the south and seek out Glinda for her help.


When she first came to the Land of Oz, she was eager to find a way home, as she was concerned if her Uncle and Aunt were okay back in Kansas after the cyclone. This made Dorothy a thoughtful person, thinking of others safety and well-being other than just her own. And showed her throughout the story as remaining unselfish because she was worried that Aunt Em would go into mourning over Dorothy's long disappearance and Uncle Henry not being able to afford the damage that the cyclone caused on the farm and the crops. In the iconic 1939 movie, Judy Garland's Dorothy was also ultimately unselfish. Despite running away from her unhappiness and troubles at home; when Dorothy discovered that her Aunt Em had been grief-stricken and dying of a broken heart, Dorothy realized she had made a mistake and spent the entire movie trying to find a way back home to get to her sick Aunt as she was guilt ridden.


Despite being only a mere child, Dorothy is brave for a Kansas farmgirl who was orphaned. She has confidence and a sense of self and will fight for what she believes in. For example: while halfway to the Emerald City, the Cowardly Lion is brought into the story; when he tried to attack Dorothy and her traveling friends in the forest, he also attempted to bite Toto. Dorothy was brave enough to defend her little dog, not fearing the Cowardly Lion who Baum describes being nearly as large as a horse in size. Despite this Dorothy was not too scared to stand up for her helpless dog.

Dorothy was also portrayed as a natural hero unintentionally. She is seen overcoming being imprisoned and enslaved by the notorious Wicked Witch of the West. This alone makes Dorothy a survivor.

Dorothy's character and personality traits are generally of innocence. For she did not intentionally kill the Wicked Witch of the West on purpose, and when she learned that her farmhouse had accidentally killed the Wicked Witch of the East, Dorothy asked if there was anything that could be done to assist the crushed Witch as she lay under the house. Another positive trait is Dorothy is always very forgiving, for when she and her friends in Oz discovered that the great Wizard was nothing more than an old Humbug, Dorothy forgave him and felt that the Wizard wasn't such a bad man after all. In all of Dorothy's adventures in Oz, she seemed to have a maturity beyond her years and managed to take care of herself and Toto the best she could.

In Disney's 1985 film Return to Oz, The Nome King tries to manipulate and bribe Dorothy with a deal. He tells Dorothy that she could give up, and save herself and he will use the magic of the Ruby Slippers and send her back home again. He even promises to erase Dorothy's memories of Oz so she will never think of Oz ever again. Dorothy, having a confident character and sense of self, rejects the Nome King's offer and decides to do the right thing to help her friends who are all in trouble. Thus, continuing her brave quest of trying to save the land of Oz and it's people.

"There were several roads near by, but it did not take her long to find the one paved with yellow bricks. Within a short time Dorothy was walking briskly toward the Emerald City, her Silver Shoes made a pretty tinkling tune on the hard yellow road-bed. The sun shone brightly, the birds sang sweetly, and Dorothy did not feel nearly so bad as you might think a little girl would who had been suddenly whisked away from her own home and set in the midst of a strange land."
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)

Immortality in Oz

"Dorothy, after a moment's thought then said; "But Aunt Em has told me that the Witches were all dead--years and years ago." "Who is Aunt Em?" inquired the little old woman. "She is my Aunt who lives in Kansas, where I come from."
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)

Because the land of Oz is a fantasy land filled with fairy magic, Princess Dorothy is forever immortal like all living things in the land. Therefore she nor anyone else can ever die. Princess Ozma, also used her powers to stop the aging process in Oz. No one ever becomes deathly-ill or dies unless they are bad and evil like the Wicked Witches who once dwelled in parts of Oz before Dorothy killed them. In Baum's later Oz books, Dorothy is in her late teens and even early twenties in the dozen sequels. But due to Oz's enchantment, Dorothy doesn't look a day older than she appeared to be when she was first brought to Oz by the cyclone in the first story.

In the Oz book by author Plumly Thompson titled 'The Lost King of Oz', published in 1925, Dorothy is accidentally transported to Hollywood. When she arrives she begins to age rapidly into an adult woman. And while in Hollywood, she also meets Humpy, a live stunt dummy, whom she brings back to Oz.

Family Tree of Dorothy Gale

  • As many Historians believe that Dorothy Gale was inspired by Alice Liddell from Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass; unlike Alice, Dorothy did not live an upper-class and pampered Victorian lifestyle.

Dorothy has a rather fuzzy history, and while not necessarily dysfunctional, Dorothy does have a broken upbringing. Dorothy has little to no backstory. All Baum tells us about the history of Dorothy is that she is apparently an only child and her mother was most likely a single parent and unfortunately is dead, which made Dorothy an orphan, possibly even at infancy. She seemed to be a content yet lonely little girl while living in Kansas, one who had no friends and was most likely home-schooled. Whether or not her Aunt and Uncle are blood-related is also left ambiguous.

Most likely, Dorothy's Uncle Henry is her blood relative. In Baum's third Oz novel, Ozma of Oz, Dorothy and Henry are on a ship to see family in Australia to take a break from farming on doctor's orders due to the stress that the cyclone has brought upon Henry. Aunt Em stays behind in Kansas to look after the farm. In Baum's fourth Oz book, Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz, Dorothy is with Uncle Henry in California at Hugson's Ranch, on their way home from Australia, Dorothy having visited friends in San Francisco. She strikes up an acquaintance with Hugson's nephew and her second cousin, Zeb of Hugson's Ranch. These are probably Uncle Henry's relatives also. In the first chapter, Zeb tells Dorothy that his own uncle, Bill Hugson, married "your Uncle Henry's wife's sister". This seems to cement that Dorothy's blood relative is indeed Uncle Henry, since if she was related to Aunt Em, Zeb would have said "your Aunt Em's sister". Furthermore, in the second chapter of The Emerald City of Oz, Baum writes, "As for Uncle Henry, he thought his little niece merely a dreamer, as her dead mother had been." The wistful tone of this passage might be taken to suggest that Uncle Henry is Dorothy's mother's brother.

"When Dorothy, who was an orphan first came to her Aunt Em. Aunt Em had been so startled by the child's laughter that she would scream and press her hand upon her heart whenever Dorothy's merry voice reached her ears; and she still looked at the little girl with wonder that she could find anything to laugh at." ―The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)

Unlike many versions of the story, in the original book Dorothy's Aunt Em does not seem to have a close relationship with her niece. She appears to be unable to find the joy in the small and simple things in life that Dorothy (being a child) still could. However, at the very end of the story, when Dorothy and Toto are sent home, Aunt Em is happy to see Dorothy has come back to her, indicating that she does have love for Dorothy after all.

"Aunt Em had just come out of the house to water the cabbages when she looked up and saw Dorothy running toward her. “My darling child!” she cried, folding the little girl in her arms and covering her face with kisses. “Where in the world did you come from?” “From the Land of Oz,” said Dorothy gravely. “And here is Toto, too. And oh, Aunt Em! I'm so glad to be at home again!” " ―The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)

In the opening chapter of his first Oz book, L. Frank Baum famously informs the reader that Dorothy is an orphan who lives with Aunt Em and Uncle Henry (In the 1902 stage adaptation of the book, she has a still-living father). Her family name, Gale, isn't mentioned in the books until the third one, Ozma of Oz. Aunt Em and Uncle Henry are never identified as Gales in any of the Oz books (Henry is called "Henry Gale" in the 1939 movie based loosely on the first book).

In the 1985 Disney film Return to Oz, Henry's last name is "Blue". This result makes Dorothy's family relationship undetermined. However, Aunt Em mentions a sister named Garnet, who wouldn't be related to Dorothy directly.

In Syfy's Tinman miniseries, the character of D.G. is Dorothy Gale's great granddaughter. D. G. is sent to Oz in present day, over one hundred years after Dorothy came and made history as the "First Slipper" to cross over into the "Outer Zone."

In Disney's 2013 film Oz the Great and Powerful, set around thirty to forty years prior to Dorothy's arrival in Oz, a pre-Wizard Oscar Diggs has a lover by the name of Annie Gale in Kansas. This implies that Annie is Dorothy's mother. She is also wearing a gingham dress of checks just like Dorothy one day will.

In March Laumer's book Uncle Henry and Aunt Em in Oz and its companion, Aunt Em and Uncle Henry in Oz, their last name is Mankato. Also, differing accounts of Dorothy's parentage are given in both, and in the fourth-wall breaking A Farewell to Oz, Laumer himself asks her which account is true. Her answer is unfortunately not given. Elsewhere in Laumer's sub-series, she marries Zippiochogollak and has a son with him who goes on to teach at the Wooglebug's university.

Book Appearances

Dorothy does not appear in The Marvelous Land of Oz, Captain Salt in Oz or The Silver Princess in Oz.

Other Books

In Magic Land

In Magic Land, the girl protagonist modelled on Dorothy is named Ellie Smith.

Magician of Oz and sequels

Dorothy meets Jamie Diggs, the great grandson of the Wizard at Glinda's palace. She receives a special gift of his friendship by Ozma, which represents the central theme of the book. Dorothy, along with Toto, accompanies Jamie who is declared the new Royal Magician of Oz, on his journey to battle the Army of Trees and casts her own Spell of the Stone Morels against the army of Morel Mushrooms who have sided with the Fighting Trees. (Magician of Oz)

Dorothy reunites with Jamie and meets his best friend, Buddy, when they arrive by balloon in the Emerald City. She joins them and even Ozma as they travel by balloon to explore the dark hole beneath the covered bridge in Winkie Country where the Shadow Demon was reborn. Her encounter with him while travelling by boat along the Winkie River provides Jamie a critical clue that sends him and Buddy to Mount Munch in order to save the Hyups from the Shadow Demon. (Shadow Demon of Oz)

Dorothy meets Jamie's mother, Amanda, along with two Hyups, Darlene and Heavenlee. They travel to the Emerald City and reunite with the rest of Jamie's family and friends, all of whom have been transported to Oz by means of a magic box. Dorothy joins everyone as they travel south to the banks of the Munchkin River to watch the climatic battle against Cobbler the Dog, the mechanical pet of Tik-Tok, who was possessed by the evil remains of the Wicked Witch of the East. (Family of Oz)

Dorothy of Oz

While Toto is barking at the chickens and Aunt Em and Uncle Henry are working on the farm in Kansas, Dorothy Gale takes a peek out the window and sees a bright and beautiful rainbow. She notices that the rainbow is approaching her and Toto as both of them run. Dorothy starts to see Glinda the Good Witch who tells Dorothy that she must return to Oz so that she can save her friends. ("Dorothy of Oz")

The Wicked Years

Despite being the child protagonist in the original story, Dorothy Gale is only referenced to a few times in the musical and appearing as a semi-cameo character toward the end of the book in the story of Wicked who is not the focal point of the plot. She plays a rather small but important role and is only involved in the chaos and drama towards the end of the novel, being seen as a mere outsider who knows nothing about the land of Oz or it's complex politics and overall laws. Although Dorothy is well-meaning, mature for her age and very compassionate beyond her years, her innocence and unyielding desire to return back to her homeland Kansas, causes a domino effect in the result of negative outcomes. And much unwanted trouble and heartache for the main character of the book, Elphaba Thropp as Dorothy does not know any better.

In both Baum's original children's book written in 1900 and Maguire's 1995 mature revision, Dorothy spends her first night in Oz at the house of a wealthy Munchkin farmer named Boq who has a family. In the latter, it is revealed that the two discussed the etymology of Dorothy's name. Boq finds it interesting that Dorothy's name is the reverse of her land's "King" Theodore — which means "gift of the gods" — and that Dorothy means "goddess of gifts", therefore making many of the superstitious Ozians look as Dorothy as a saint, sent to Oz to fulfill a prophecy by the unnamed God. And the fact Dorothy wears Nessarose shoes, make the citizens of Oz even more superstitious of her and the coincidence that her last name is the same name of the Wizard's Army the "Gale Force", makes Dorothy nearly untouchable.

On Dorothy Gale's first arrival to Oz, she and her pet dog named Toto are swept away in a Kansas cyclone. Dorothy was the age of ten when her farmhouse fell out of the sky and landed on Nessarose.

When Dorothy and her companions are seen in the Vinkus land she is captured by the Witches Flying Monkeys and brought to the Kiamo Ko castle which is the home of the Witch. There she meets an old woman by the name of Nanny and a young boy named Liir, who forms a crush on her. When Dorothy is confronted face to face with Nessarose's older Witch sister who is Elphaba, she demands for Dorothy to give her the magic slippers. All while assuming she had to be tied into the tapestry of conspiracies in Oz. Dorothy tries to do what Elphaba commands but the shoes are enchanted under the protection of Glinda and will not come off. Dorothy confesses that the Wizard even tried to pry the shoes off but the pair have been stuck on her feet since her arrival in Oz. Despite Dorothy's efforts, the slippers simply will not come off her feet. She is magically locked tight inside of them.

As it became apparent, Elphaba briefly realizes that Dorothy really was an innocent human girl from a different place who had been thrown into a world that she knew nothing about.

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Elphaba confronts a frightened Dorothy!

Suddenly, hot sparks from a nearby fire suddenly caught on Elphaba's long clothing and cape so Dorothy tried to put out the fire with a bucket of water to help the Witch who was ablaze. And Dorothy wishes the "nightmare" she thinks she's in will come to an end. But to Dorothy's horror it tragically melted the witch away, killing her by accident.

In Son Of A Witch...

In Son of a Witch, the story picks up right after Elphaba's tragic death. Liir her son, accompanies Dorothy, the Scarecrow, the Tin Man, the Cowardly Lion back to the Emerald City.

While traveling, Dorothy and the group all meet a shape-shifting Princess who is also leader to her Scrow tribe, in the Vinkus. The Princesses name is Nastoya who is originally an Elephant. But because of the Wizard and his prejudice views against Animals, Nastoya disguised herself and vailed her true form. And in front of the traveling group she morphs herself and transforms right in front of them all which is described as being revolting to watch as Nastoya's skin stretches and her bones shift and body mutates. Seeing this, Dorothy nearly vomits in her apron and Toto passes out.

When Dorothy reaches the Emerald City she leaves Liir behind as she speaks with the Wizard and never comes back to say goodbye before returning to Kansas like she promised Liir she would do.

In Out Of Oz...

Like in the original book by Baum, in the end of the story Dorothy was teleported back to Kansas thanks to the magic of her Silver Shoes/Ruby Slippers after her epic adventure in Oz. And was found shoeless while on the prairie field's near the farm.

In Maguires' story, the plot takes place six years after Dorothy and Toto returned home. Due to her extended disappearance and unexplainable survival from the cyclone, the other children at the Kansas Schoolhouse shunned Dorothy and labeled her a freak of nature for riding the winds of a twister and living to tell about it. Nonetheless suddenly reappearing out of nowhere months later. And Dorothy's tales of Oz, only make her seem completely crazy. Thus, making her unmarriageable.

Six years later as a teenage girl, Dorothy along with Toto appear in 'Out of Oz'. Dorothy unexpectedly is sent to Oz by fate once again. But now she is approximately sixteen years old. Even though it has been less than a decade since Dorothy's first visit in her world, it has been around twenty to thirty years in Oz's time.

Back in Kansas, Dorothy's Aunt Em and Uncle Henry never believed her story about Oz and criticized her for having her head in the clouds and sabotaging herself as no one wanted to be around Dorothy because of her never-ending talk about Oz. To help Dorothy forget about Oz, she is taken to San Francisco on vacation by her Aunt and Uncle. However, after sight seeing, Dorothy ends up being trapped with Toto in a motel elevator during they're stay as an earthquake hits California. The elevator with Dorothy inside gets stuck and as the building collapses the elevator falls into the bowels of the earth and into another dimension. The elevator falls from the sky and accidentally landed on a cow and killed it. And also during the fall somehow Toto was lost as he fell out of the elevator doors which were cracked enough for Toto to squeeze through.

Dorothy is found by people nearby as she is buried alive under all the rocks and pieces of the earth from the earthquake that came down with the elevator. She suffers from a temporary state of amnesia and a bump on her head which gave her a near concussion. She is taken in by strangers and nursed back to health. Dorothy spends many months recuperating from the traumatic event and slowly gains her memory back. Dorothy realizes she is back in the land of Oz again, specifically in the country of Oz's Glikkus tribe. The Glikkun trolls extradited her to Munchkinland's new capital, Bright Lennins, where the new Eminence had her stand trial for the murders of Nessarose and Elphaba Thropp, calling it "regicide." Dorothy is imprisoned against her will and is used as a mere scapegoat who will be left accountable for the deaths of the two Thropp sisters who died decades prior. The overall court case finds Dorothy guilty and she is sentenced. To her surprise Brrr, her old friend who is the Cowardly Lion and Mr. Boss, and Little Daffy come to her defense and rescue her from her harsh sentence.

Dorothy is reunited with her dog Toto whom she thought was dead and the two eventually are sent back to Kansas by the magic of the Grimmerie book in the end of the story to find her Aunt and Uncle who she wonders survived the earthquake or not. Dorothy's ultimate fate when she returns to California again is left a mystery and left for the reader's imagination.

Wicked Musical

In the hit Broadway musical and play, Dorothy is never seen despite being referred to and talked to on stage. Only a silhouette is seen of a girl behind a screen who's presumed to be Dorothy, tossing a Bucket of water on Elphaba aka "The Wicked Witch of the West".

Dorothy: This Side Of The Rainbow

Dorothy Gale all grown up...

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Vincent Begley's Book.

Author Vincent Begley wrote a novel based off of the character of Dorothy Gale. This story is a Memoir that is written as if Dorothy was a real person. This underrated novel tells the world about the past of Dorothy, before she lived on the Kansas farm and what happened after her trip to Oz. This novel wasn't successful, but most likely due to the fact it came out around the same time as Gregory Maguire's 'Wicked'.


A beautiful, sad and thought provoking tale of love, hate, pain and the outcome of a traumatizing childhood. This book is for anyone with a heart. But beware: In this story, Dorothy of Kansas does not have a happy ending.

In the 1992 novel by American author Geoff Ryman, focusing on the (in some cases, tragic) lives of disparate individuals indirectly linked to one another by L. Frank Baum's The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, and the musical film version. Ranging across time and space from the 1860s Kansas to the late 1980s California, among other locations, the novel's characters include a tapestry of characters, some real but most fictitious, whose lives indirectly affect each other and change one anther forever. This book will touch your soul and make you cry. ("Was")

Dorothy Gale of Broadway

The first musical adaption of the book was a Avant-garde version produced by Baum and Denslow (with music by composer Paul Tietjens) in Chicago in 1902 and moved to New York in 1903. Dorothy was portrayed by Theater Actress Anna Laughlin. In this stage version of Oz, many elements were left out due to being impractical for the time. For example: Dorothy does not wear Silver Shoes or any type of magic footwear.

The Wizard of Oz 1902 musical extravaganza Anna Laughlin as Dorothy

Anna Laughlin as Dorothy in the Avant-garde Stage adaption of Baum's Oz book of 1900.

It used many of the same characters, and was aimed more at adult audiences. It had a long, successful run on Broadway. Baum added numerous political references to the script, mentioning President Theodore Roosevelt, Senator Mark Hanna, and John D. Rockefeller by name.[3] Many existing songs that had nothing to do with the story were interpolated. Baum followed with two additional Oz musicals, The Woggle-Bug (1905) and The Tik-Tok Man of Oz (1913). Both were panned as rehashes rather than sequels; although Tik-Tok did better than The Woggle Bug, neither made it to Broadway.

Judy Of OZ 1939

Judy Garland is Dorothy Gale!


Judy Garland As Dororhy Gale and Terry the female terrier as Toto.

In the year of 1938/1939 Judy was fifteen at the time she portrayed the twelve year old Kansas farm girl who gets swept away to Oz via cyclone. She turned sixteen on the set during the shooting of the movie as she began to develop into a curvy young woman. Despite being technically too old to play Dorothy as Baum intended his character in the book to be a little girl, even as a teenager Judy did portray a very good Dorothy of Kansas that captivated the world for decades to come. With her wide eyed expression of an adolescent girl, Judy was perfect for the role. Thanks to her talented singing voice, she beat many other young actresses for the lead role such as Shirley Temple who was a loyal fan of Baum's Oz books, and was more close to the look and age of Baum's description of Dorothy. Judy was put on a strict diet and even given barbiturate drugs which would lead on to a live long battle of personal demons.

During shooting, Judy was forced to wear a special type of corset under her costume. The corset flattened out her curves by painfully binding her breasts down flat against her chest to make her appear as a twelve year old little girl who was more innocent, underdeveloped and younger than her real life age.

Journey Back to Oz 1974

Judy Garland's daughter takes on the role of Dorothy!

In this animated little version of the Oz stories, Dorothy Gale is swept back to Oz to find an evil Witch who wants to take over the land and the Emerald City. In this version, Dorothy is voiced by Liza Minnelli. All the characters are voiced by an all star cast such as Mickey Rooney and Margaret Hamilton.

The Wiz 1974-78

In a different place, in a different time, different people around me, I would like to know of that different world, and how different they find me. And just what's a Wiz, is he big, will he scare me? If I ask to leave will the Wiz even hear me? How will I know then, if I'll ever get home again?

Dorothy toto pubshot

Stephanie Mills

Dorothy is portrayed by singer and actress Stephanie Mills in 1974. Later in the film version the role was given to singer and actress Diana Ross.
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Diana Ross as an African-American Dorothy in The Wiz, 1978!

Diana was far from Baum's original twelve year old character of Dorothy Gale. And she obviously wasn't sixteen portraying a twelve year old like Judy Garland did. Many people bashed Diana as Dorothy for being far too old to play the childlike character. But if Diana did not take the role as Dorothy, the film in general most likely would never have been made. It was only when Diana took interest in the film did the Motown company take interest also. Diana, being thirty four at the time, is portrayed to be a shy twenty-four year old Kindergarten teacher who is lost in life. Dorothy in this film is scared of the world and has no direction of her future. Her trip to Oz is a late-coming of age story as she faces her fears head-on.

Return to Oz 1985

Actress Fairuza Balk would be the next girl in 40 years to wear the Ruby Slippers. Her first film was a television film called The Best Christmas Pageant Ever, directed by George Shaeffer. The next role she was to play was Dorothy in Disney's Return to Oz, now a Cult Classic.

Return to Oz is a 1985 Disney Film starring Fairuza Balk as the insomniac and melancholy Dorothy Gale, and Piper Laurie as Aunt Em. In Return to Oz, Fairuza is much more closer to the age of Baum's Dorothy Gale as he intended her to be in the original book. She was not an actress made up to look more innocent or pretend to be younger than she actually was in real life, like many of the other Dorothys in the several various versions were.

The look, feel and tone of Return to Oz was intended to give its audience a more surreal and realistic point of view of the land of Oz and all of it's characters. Unlike the 1939 film it presented Oz as a real place, where nightmarish and marvelous things are possible. The plot is based loosely off of two of Baum's second and third original Oz sequel novels. During its release in the summer of 1985, it was bashed by critics for being too "scary and intense" for children and wasn't successful during the time of its release. Despite its failure to appeal to the public, Return to Oz has still gained a huge cult following of fans all over the world 30 years after it's original making.

The Muppets' Wizard of Oz 2005

In the 2005 Disney made for TV special, Dorothy is played by pop singer Ashanti who dreams of a glamorous life of the rich and famous and is eager to leave her small town trailer park existence behind.

R&B Singer Ashanti as Dorothy Gale of Kansas 2005.

She embarks on a quest in the land of Oz, to become a Superstar.

Syfy's Tinman 2009

In this 2009 Syfy version of Oz, Dorothy Gale of 1900 is long dead. But her great granddaughter 'D.G.' is swept away to the Outer Zone aka Oz now in present day and a hundred years later from when the original Dorothy first arrived.

D.G. must find her real family and discover the history of who she truly was and is.

Dorothy and the Witches of Oz 2011

In this version, Dorothy is a children's author who moves to New York City to become successful. She is played by actress Paula Ana Redding.


Legends of Oz-Dorothy's Return 2014

In this CGI animated film, Dorothy is given a more modern look as she trades her iconic blue and white look of gingham for denim overalls of blue and cowboy boots. She is Voiced by actress and singer Lea Mitchell, Dorothy Gale returns to Kansas to find it devastated. Dorothy then finds a new way to get back to the Land of Oz only to discover that her old friends-the Scarecrow, Tin Man, Cowardly Lion-and the entire Land of Oz are all in grave danger. On Dorothy's new journey through Oz, she meets new friends like a china doll princess, a marshmallow man named Marshal Mallow, a large owl named Wiser, and an ancient tree-turned-tugboat named Tugg. With the help of her new friends, they band together against a wicked Jester who wants to control Oz by turning important people into marionettes. This movie is loosely based on the book Dorothy of Oz by Roger S. Baum.

Once Upon A Time Episode 2014

In the popular hit TV show, 'Once Upon A Time' Dorothy Gale gets carried to the land of Oz via Cyclone, and is thought to be the destined one to fulfill the part of a prophecy regarding all the Witches from the south, west, north and east who reside in Oz.

The character of this Dorothy Gale is not Cursed. She simply plays a minor role regarding the Witches of Oz and is sent back home to Kansas by Zelena the Witch of the West who disguised herself as the Wizard, after Dorothy thought she killed her with water from a nearby Well, all to defend herself and put out the ball of fire in Zelena's hand. This was all due to Zelena's envy for the newly arrived Dorothy. (Green with Envy).

Thinking Zelena was dead, Glinda the Good Witch of the South, took Dorothy to the Emerald City to seek the Wizard (who was Zelena in disguise after turning the Wizard into a Flying Monkey for his dishonest ways).

Disguised as the Wizard, Zelena also gave Dorothy the magic Silver Shoes, and told Dorothy to click the heels of the shoes together three times to be teleported home to get her out of the way because Zelena saw her as a threat. Strangely, Dorothy in this version wears no pigtails, nor does she have a pet dog, Toto. She comes to Oz all alone and does not meet the Scarecrow, Tinman or Cowardly Lion.

That's 70's Show-Tornado Prom Episode

In the popular TV Sitcom That's 70's show, the conceited and vain Jackie Burkeart has a dream on her Prom night which happens to be on the night a Tornado hits the Wisconsin town. Jackie dreams that she is Dorothy Gale with her stuffed animal Unicorn as Toto. Her look is based off of the 1900 illustrations by W. W Denslow from the original book by Baum.

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (Barnyard Studios)

An independent and yet faithful adaption of Baum's envision of Oz. In this version Dorothy Gale is played by child actress Mariellen Kemp who's appearance as Dorothy stays extremely loyal to Baum's original character as well as all the other characters in this production of the 1900 book.

In Comics

Marvel Comic released an entire series of Baums fourteen Oz books.


The Oz series is written by Eric Shanower which is mostly quoted from the original books and illustrated by Skottie Young.

Oz Squad

Oz Squad

Dorothy with the rest of the Oz Squad

Dorothy, now an adult years after her childhood adventures, has returned to the United States with her friends, the Scarecrow, Tin Woodman and Cowardly Lion. Unfortunately, some of their old enemies have returned as well, including the Wicked Witch of the East, now known as Rebecca Eastwich. (Oz Squad)

During this era, Dorothy has a son with Ozma, who they name Ozzy. (Oz Squad: March of the Tin Soldiers)


A Gothic Dorothy...

Dorothy comic

Dorothy is a jaded teenager who get swept with her car to the Land of Oz. There, she meets a robotic dog named Toto, as well as her other companions. (Dorothy)

The Twisted Land of Oz (Spawn Toys)

The Land of Oz gets pretty Twisted...

In a very dark and grim story, this erotic and gothic version of 'The Wizard of Oz' is indeed a twisted one. Dorothy is portrayed as a very innocent orphan who is also a fully developed and sexually frustrated girl in her late teens who is swept away to the land of Oz, a mysterious and psychotic realm of dark entities, sexual slavery, rape, mutant creatures and tortured souls.


  • In Doctor Who, the seventh Doctor's companion, Dorothy Gale McShane (nicknamed "Ace") was named after Dorothy. Furthermore, like how a storm had sent the latter to the Land of Oz, a time storm sent Ace to an alien planet.



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